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Re: [Amps] Henry 4 K-2 SWR

To: "Bud Governale" <>, <>
Subject: Re: [Amps] Henry 4 K-2 SWR
From: "Mike Schatzberg" <>
Date: Wed, 07 Dec 2005 22:05:35 -0500
List-post: <>
Hello Bud:

It is possible that there may be some contamination on the contacts of the
T/R relay, and you might try cleaning them if they are open frame.  If they
are vacuum relays, there isn't much you could do except to replace them.
Don't forget to inspect the associated coaxial cables or just replace them
with new cabling.

If there is no problem with the relay or relays and associated coaxial
cables, the problem may be caused by the inductive reactances in the T-R
relays and the coaxial cabling.

It is not unusual for the SWR to raise to as high as 2:1 on ten meters
because of this inductive reactance.  This inductive reactance can be
canceled by adding some capacitance from the common terminal of the output
relay to ground.  You might try adding 10 pf to ground, and re-measure the
SWR.  If the SWR decreases, add additional parallel capacitance, and recheck
the SWR again.  A couple of 10 pf 1 KV NPO caps may do the trick nicely, at
least up to 10 meters.

It is possible that operation on 6 meter frequencies thru the amp by-pass
was not envisioned by the designers.  You may have to make further circuit
modifications to permit that possibility.  You should be able to assure
operation thru 10 meters in any event.

73 and Happy Dxing,

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Bud Governale" <>
To: <>
Sent: Wednesday, December 07, 2005 8:46 PM
Subject: [Amps] Henry 4 K-2 SWR

> When passing thru the Henry 4 K-2 amp, with the amp turned off,  the
exciter sees an SWR of between 1.1 to 2.0 depending
> on the band the exciter is set on (75M thru 10M). The SWR is higher at the
higher frequencies. The SWR is infinitely
> high on 6M.
> If connected directly to the antenna(s), the exciter sees 1.1 SWR on all
bands. I'm using a SteppIR antenna whose
> elements can be tuned to present a flat impedance at any frequency between
40M and 6M.
> With the amp turned on, the exciter sees an SWR of 1.1 on all bands (75M
to 10M).
> My question is why does the amp introduce a higher SWR in bypass and not
allow a 6M signal to pass thru without
> introducing an infinitely high SWR?
> In the off position, the signal passes thru an input bypass relay and then
to an internal SWR bridge at the output side
> of the amp and then to the antenna.
> With the amp turned on, the signal passes thru the input relay and to the
appropriate band input impedance matching
> module. This explains the 1.1 SWR on all bands with the amp turned on.
> The only components in the path, with the amp turned off, is the bypass
relay and the SWR bridge - all internal to the
> amp. Can these be causing the exciter to see the higher SWR and infinite
6M SWR? Is the internal SWR bridge the culprit?
> Any ideas?
> 73,
> Bud W3LL
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