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[antennaware] 15m beams and stacks

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Subject: [antennaware] 15m beams and stacks
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Date: Wed, 7 Oct 1998 17:35:21 -0400
First off, thanks to LB Cebik & Steve Best for help with feeding stacks of 
It looks like there are two ways to do it, and from what I can see they give
equivalent results.

1) Use two tranmission lines (TL) coming to a single short wire then just feed 
the wire.
   To adjust the phasing, just adjust the length of the TL's.
2) Excite the two antennas independently with two EX cards.  To adjust the 
   just alter the real & imaginary parts of the input voltage.

Next, I started playing with 15m beams and stacks.  I've already got a Force-12
EF-515 at about 85 ft, so I was looking to add another 15m beam at about 40 ft.
I noticed that the Hygain 155CA is quite a bit cheaper than the Force-12 so I 
looking at combos of those antennas.  I created models from the data at 
Hygain's web
site and the Force-12 manual, then applied the taper correction algorithim that 
is in
the ARRL hand book.  (I don't think it is as acurate as Leeson's but it appears 
to be
close - and since raw NEC2 won't handle tapered elements I had to convert back 
to an
untapered design).  Here's what I found:

Upper     Lower         Gain (in-phase dBi)     Gain (out of phase  dBi)
EF-515    155CA         16.30 (10 deg)                  15.43 (21 deg)
EF-515    EF-515        16.75 (9 deg)                   15.62 (22 deg)
155CA     155CA         17.00 (9 deg)                   15.69 (22 deg)

Then I noticed that the 155CA doesn't have enough spacing between the elements
to swing around my tower on a side mount.  So I started playing with the model,
and the results look interesting.  (All data in freespace)

Freq    Gain (dBi)      SWR             F/B
21.0    9.88            1.18 (45-j6)    10.09
21.1    9.90            1.14 (49-j6)    11.34
21.2    9.89            1.13 (51-j6)    12.79
21.3    9.87            1.06 (52-j2)    14.66
21.4    9.79            1.13 (54+j5)    17.41
21.5    9.58            1.49 (64+j18)   20.63

So it looks pretty good, except for the FB (not so hot there .. if I'm reading 
the data out of NEC2 correctly).  But it is direct 50 ohm feed, and has a 
little better forward gain than a stock 155CA (at least by my models).  When I
moved the 1st & 2nd director away from the center a little more, it appears that
the beam started acting like an OWA design.  The 1st director seems to control 
feedpoint impedance more than the gain.

Here are the element dimensions (inches):

        Dist from refl          Half length     Diam

Refl            0               137.0           .875
Driv            67              132.0           .875
Dir 1           90              126.0           .875
Dir 2           203             129.0           .875
Dir 3           309             125.0           .875

So now the problem is how to convert this untapered model back to the real 
I'm thinking about buying a 155CA and modifying it to this design, I'm just not
sure what the new element lengths will look like.  Anyone have a good way to 
the resonant freq of an element in place with a MFJ-259B (without splitting the 

If anyone plays around with this model and comes up with something better, let
me know.  Comments and suggestions are appreciated.

--Lee - KT4ZX

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