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[TenTec] [Ten Tec] Pegasus keying...was More About Clix

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Subject: [TenTec] [Ten Tec] Pegasus keying...was More About Clix
From: wa3fiy@radioadv.com (WA3FIY)
Date: Fri, 1 Feb 2002 17:09:47 -0500
On 31 Jan 2002, at 22:56, Steve Ellington wrote:
> good enough for a code reference but not so for keying. As for the
> Pegasus...I was refering to the transmitted signal, not the received.
OK, we have established that the Pegasus [and Jupiter] sound pretty 
good on receive when a decent sound system is used so I decided to 
take a close look or, listen as the case may be, to the transmit signal.

My first test involved running my Peg into a dummy load at 10 watts 
and sending a LONG file via CW.   I then went into the workshop 
"shack" at the other end of the house and listened to the signal on 
the following receivers......Collins 75S3, hallicrafters SR-400A 
Cyclone, Drake TR-4, Ten Tec CorsairII and finally Ten Tec 
Paragon.  On each receiver, the signal was mid scale on the S meter 
so I was receiving a realistic level.  Each receiver was attached to a 
short antenna which prevented any "outside" QRM.   In other words, 
I was able to concentrate on my transmitted signal without 
interference .

The signal sounded pretty good, in fact, I thought it sounded very 
good.  Yes, some slight phase noise [I think] around the edges as I 
tuned through the signal, but a very nice signal.  One I would be [in 
fact I am] proud to put on the air.

OK, that test finished I came into the lab at work and rigged another 
test just to see if my ears were very far off base, and to obtain some 
data as everything up to this point has been pretty subjective.

The test setup consisted of a Jupiter transmitting 10 watts into a 
dummy load with a -20db isolated coupler into a fixed 15db 
attenuator and a step attenuator set at about 66db.  The isolated rf 
signal was then fed to a battery powered CRYSTAL controlled 
receiver with no agc and with with very low noise and distortion.   I 
don't know the exact bandwidth of the crystal controlled  receiver 
but it is somewhere around 2Khz.  Output from the crystal controlled 
RX was then transformer isolated and fed to a harmonic distortion 
analyzer.  In normal operation, the distortion analyzer is adjusted to 
completely remove the fundamental frequency from the equipment 
under test and anything left is considered harmonic distortion.  In 
this case, the crystal controlled receiver distortion products are so 
low as to be insignificant, so anything left after nulling the 
fundamental signal from the receiver is transmitted noise, phase or 

In the following tests, the signal source was set to provide the same 
output from the crystal controlled receiver in each case.  I did run 
the power up to full power momentarily to see if it made any 
difference in the transmitted noise.  It did not.

Here are the results as indicated on the distortion analyzer:

Jupiter - 1.1%
Logimetrics analog signal generator - 0.6%
Ten Tec Paragon - 0.5%
Omni D  C series - 0.4%
Crystal reference oscillator - 0.09%  [This is reaching the limits of 
my measuring ability]

Tapping the Jupiter case caused the distortion measurement to jump 
to a little over 2%.  Tapping on the desk where the rig was sitting 
caused little or no change.  The signal generator was very bad in this 
respect and the Omni D was very good.

It is clear that the Jupiter [and Pegasus] transmit some phase or 
other kind of noise.  It is also clear that the amount of noise they 
transmit is of no consequence in all but the most exacting of 
applications, whatever that means.   :-)

It is also understandable that the Jupiter is worse than the Paragon 
because the Jupiter has two VCo's to cover 30 Mhz whereas the 
Paragon has four to cover the same range.  So the Jupiter VCO tuning 
sensitivity is twice that of the Paragon.  I don't know if there is any 
connection, but with twice as many VCO's the Paragon has 
approximately half the transmitted noise.

But even at 1.1% transmitted noise, the Jupiter is pretty nice.  Let's 
see..........that's 0.011 to 1 or about -40db close in........very close in.    
In the "old days" 30db quieting on an FM receiver was considered 
full quieting.  Or put another way, one has to look for the noise 
before it is noticible.  In fact that seems to be the case.  This does 
not seem to be an issue until someone starts talking about it which 
draws attention to it and then it is an issue.   Kind of like a fly speck 
on the ceiling, not noticible until someone points it out.    :-)

In closing, I can only say that every day I use either my Pegasus or 
Jupiter, I enjoy them more and I give Ten Tec a great big thank you 
for producing such fine gear at such affordible prices.  And to think 
that the best is yet to come!!!!!



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