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Re: [TenTec] Corsair II buzz

To: "Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment" <tentec@contesting.com>
Subject: Re: [TenTec] Corsair II buzz
From: "Bob McGraw - K4TAX" <RMcGraw@Blomand.net>
Reply-to: Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment <tentec@contesting.com>
Date: Thu, 2 Apr 2009 21:41:33 -0500
List-post: <tentec@contesting.com">mailto:tentec@contesting.com>
Actually and most likely there are three phases in the neighborhood.  Each 
transformer has a single line connected to one phase to provide step-down to 
240 volts center tapped.  The next group of homes will be picked off of 
another phase and so on.  On our street of 12 houses, there are 6 
transformers with one transformer serving 2 homes.  Hence, there are 2 
transformers per phase.

Yes, be sure all equipment is bonded by a separate ground wire, chassis to 
power supply of that station.  In my case, having 2 separate stations on the 
desk they have the equipment bonded back to the power supply of each 
station.  I do not loop from chassis to chassis.    That says I have 5 or 6 
ground wires connected to a common point on the power supply.  It doesn't 
require "killer size" wire.  Just some #12 AWG copper such as auto primary 
wire is used.  I apply lugs with them being crimped and soldered at each 
end.  I prefer the VACO brand of lugs.

Now the next thing is power to the station.  Again in my case, covering 
approximately 75 ft. distance from the breaker panel, I bring a #10 x 4 
conductor to a break-out group of outlets.  The breaker in the panel is 30A 
double pole.  The #10 x 4 then is defined as L1, L2, Neutral and Ground. 
Although Neutral and Ground are connected to a common buss bar in the 
breaker panel, ground never carries current except in the instance of a 
primary fault where Neutral carries only the difference in current between 
L1 and L2.  In all cases, 3rd pin equipment ground is in place.  This 
configuration is used to provide 240 volts to a single 20A 240V outlet for 
the amp.  Then I use L1, Neutral and Ground for three duplex outlets in a 
box, and then L2, Neutral and Ground for a 2nd set of duplex outlets in a 
box.  I do not have an external station ground due to the location of the 
equipment in the residence.  All lightning protection is done at the point 
where the feedlines and rotor cables enter the structure.  {Topic for 
another discussion.}

All this makes for clean power, no ground loops, and a very safe 


----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Gary Hoffman" <ghoffman@spacetech.com>
To: "Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment" <tentec@contesting.com>
Sent: Thursday, April 02, 2009 8:50 PM
Subject: Re: [TenTec] Corsair II buzz

> Hmmm....in our neighborhood we certainly have nothing remotely like a 240 
> v
> delta system serving residences, being center tapped and all as mentioned
> below.
> What we have are moderately high voltage lines - on my street they are at
> like 3400 volts, phase to phase.  While three phases are available, only 
> two
> are run down my street, because that is all they need for our low power 
> use.
> Local transformers, that service a couple of houses each, pick off power
> from these two primary phases, and produce a center tapped 240 V AC
> secondary.
> If there were a buzz around here, it sure would not be due to the source
> described.
> ----- Original Message ----- 
> From: "Jim Brown" <k9yc@audiosystemsgroup.com>
> To: <Gary@doctorgary.net>; "Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment"
> <tentec@contesting.com>
> Sent: Thursday, April 02, 2009 9:13 PM
> Subject: Re: [TenTec] Corsair II buzz
>> Gary Smith wrote:
>>> Thanks
>>> I have noticed the "buzz" on several different power supplies
>>> including a deep cycle battery. It's definitely not a hum but sounds
>>> like something with odd harmonics, a definite buzz.
>> The most common source of "buzz" consists of "triplen" harmonics of the
>> AC power line, coupled  from the  3-phase  power line that is probably
>> providing your residential service.  See my recommendations for bonding
>> together the gear in your station to kill this noise. Triplen harmonics
>> are harmonics whose orders are divisible by three -- 180 Hz, 360 Hz, 540
>> Hz, and so on.
>> http://audiosystemsgroup.com/RFI-Ham.pdf   and
>> http://audiosystemsgroup.com/HamInterfacing.pdf
>> The first one is a tutorial in text form that covers a lot of material,
>> including this. The second is a Power Point that covers much of the same
>> material.
>> My solutions are very simple and inexpensive, and don't involve going
>> inside the radio.
>> These harmonics are produced in power systems by current flowing at the
>> peak of the cycle to charge the input filter capacitors in electronic
>> power supplies (both linear and switchers).  Most current cancels in the
>> neutral (and in the green wires) of 3-phase systems, but triplen
>> harmonics add. So-called "high leg Delta" power distribution is widely
>> used in neighborhoods where a few small users need 3-phase but most need
>> 120/240V. It's a 240V Delta, but with one side being center-tapped to
>> feed residences. This triplen current is the source of what we call
>> "ground buzz." It's there because there's no neutral feed to those
>> 3-phase users, so all their triplen current goes to ground in the
>> neutral for residences!
>> This is yet another reason why it's a very good thing to bond all
>> grounds together (the most important being lightning). To learn more see
>> the tutorials.
>> 73,
>> Jim Brown K9YC
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