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Re: [TenTec] Re. [Ten Tec] Grounds and balanced fed verticals

To: Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment <tentec@contesting.com>
Subject: Re: [TenTec] Re. [Ten Tec] Grounds and balanced fed verticals
From: Steve Hunt <steve@karinya.net>
Reply-to: Discussion of Ten-Tec Equipment <tentec@contesting.com>
Date: Fri, 27 Jan 2012 19:41:08 +0000
List-post: <tentec@contesting.com">mailto:tentec@contesting.com>

What "bugs" me most about this issue is that it isn't Rocket Science - 
simple application of Ohm's Law will give you the answers.

Take the figures for Wireman 553 ladderline which has #18 conductors:
100ft of #18 copper wire has an RF resistance of  8.59 Ohms at 10MHz
If a current of 1A flows into 100ft of that ladderline, the power loss 
will be 8.59W in each wire - a total of 17.18W
Because the surge impedance of 553 ladderline is about 400 Ohms, the 
applied power must be 400W to drive the 1A current

So, 400W applied and 17.18W copper losses gives us a matched loss of at 
least 0.19dB; that's about 2.4 times the Antenna Book figure of 0.08dB. 
It's a much bigger error than can be explained by any "rounding".

Some may think that's an insignificant difference and that we are 
"nit-picking"; but now imagine you are running a long length of that 
ladderline at high VSWR based on an Antenna Book loss prediction of 2dB 
- would you be happy if you discovered that the real loss was at least 
4.8dB? Or that what you thought was a 4dB loss was actually nearer 10dB?

Steve G3TXQ

On 27/01/2012 17:49, Jim Brown wrote:
> On 1/27/2012 5:10 AM, Steve Hunt wrote:
>> The ladderline loss figures quoted in the Antenna Book - which I believe
>> are also repeated in TLW - are out by a factor 2. It's very easy to
>> demonstrate that with a simple I^2R loss calculation. I'm happy to show
>> the sums if you need convincing.
> One of the major deficiencies in published data for transmission lines
> is good numbers for loss and shielding effectiveness in the MF and HF
> spectrum. Loss is most often quoted in dB/100 ft and rounded to one
> decimal place. This yields values of 0.1 dB/100 ft and 0.2 dB/100 ft for
> most coax at 1 or 2 MHz, which is lousy resolution (0.1 dB is the result
> of rounding between 0.05 and 0.149; 0.2 the result of rounding from 0.15
> to 0.249).  Now, loss at 1 or 2 MHz is quite difficult to measure, first
> because it is small, but also due to termination effects (that is, Zo is
> not a constant 50 ohms, but rather varies with frequency and is
> increasingly reactive below HF, but generators and loads are a pure 50
> ohms resistive).  I've attempted it, and you've got to measure at least
> 500-1,000 ft to get reasonable precision. Why does this matter?  Several
> reasons, Some hams need to run 500-1,000 ft to their antennas, so the
> difference can matter. Second, many hams are spending big bucks for
> premium coax when they may not need to.
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