[Top] [All Lists]

[TowerTalk] Optimum Stacking Distance

To: <>
Subject: [TowerTalk] Optimum Stacking Distance
From: (Tom Rauch)
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2001 17:16:56 -0400
Bill sure has it right. We should always model the antennas to pick 
stacking distance! 

We used to do this on paper before it was common to use personal 
computers to model antennas. You can do something like this:

1.) You look at the pattern of one antenna by itself.

2.) You look at the pattern of two non-directional radiators with the 
same polarization spaced various distances apart.

3.) You either adjust distance between the two non-directional 
radiators so the pattern they make causes a null where the real 
antenna has a major lobe that you do not want (minimum sidelobe 
stacking), or you adjust the distance so the stacking of the two 
non-directional radiators shows a null area extending about half-
way up the main lobe (maximum gain distance) of what would be 
the pattern of a real antenna.

So you see, stacking distance has absolutely nothing to do with 
boom length! Optimum stacking distance is a function of how 
narrow the original pattern is....or where the minor lobes are that 
you want to get rid of. 

Rules of thumb do not work.

Take two freespace dipoles for example. The boom length is zero. 
Optimum gain stacking distance is just barely under 3/4 
wavelength, because that forces four deep nulls in the main lobe, 
removing the most possible energy from unwanted directions. Zero 
boom length = 3/4wl stacking distance!!!

Make it two two element yagi's in freespace, and optimum gain 
stacking distance is slightly wider than the dipoles no matter how 
long the booms of each yagi are. 

Make it two antennas of any type that have 20 degree beamwidth, 
and stacking distance has to be so wide that it forces a null over a 
good part of the main lobe...otherwise you don't get maximum gain. 
Stacking distance would be well over 1-wl no matter how long the 
booms are.  

Stacking distance relates only to how wide the individual antenna 
patterns are (over earth), and if you want high gain or good side 
lobe suppression (you can't normally get both). The narrower each 
antennas pattern, the wider stacking distance becomes. It has 
nothing at all to do with boom length. 
73, Tom W8JI 

FAQ on WWW:     
Administrative requests:

<Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread>