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## [TowerTalk] Adjusting a 4 square

 To: [TowerTalk] Adjusting a 4 square jimlux@earthlink.net (Jim Lux) Mon Jun 16 09:46:40 2003
 ```The VSWR of the 4 square, when adjusted, will depend as much on your feed/phasing network as on the mutual impedances of the elements. When you measured, were the feed lines disconnected at the shack, or at the feedpoint? The usual way to measure mutual impedances is to measure the impedance of an element (at the feedpoint) with the other elements open, and shorted, one by one. Then a fair amount of algebra can get you to the actual mutual impedance array. (ON4UN's book has procedures) Do you know if the impedance is above or below 50 ohms? and, is it reactive or not? An ideal resonant monopole above a perfect ground plane will have a feed point impedance of 36 ohms. 10-20 of ohms of loss resistance (which isn't all that unusual) can bring that nicely up to 50... Jim, W6RMK ----- Original Message ----- From: "PY2YP" To: Sent: Monday, June 16, 2003 5:46 AM Subject: [TowerTalk] Adjusting a 4 square > Hello, > > I do have a problem that, due to a lack of knowledge, I can't find the > solution. > > I did measure the 4 towers of my 4 square when they were not phased, e.g. > them all were disconnected, and fed each one at a time to found out the > following VSWR values: > > Tower 1: 3.800 1:1.41 > Tower 2: 3.800 1:1.59 > Tower 3: 3.800 1:1.54 > Tower 4: 3.800 1:1.48 > > I have a spreadsheet (57 kbytes) with the complete measured values and a > graph as well. > > All towers have an aluminium tube at the end which allows to either make it > shorter or longer. The question is: based on these values how long do I have > to increase each one, e.g., towers numbers 2, 3 and 4, in order to have them > all set to the same VSWR value, I?d say 1:1.41. > > As far as I know the 4 towers when phased will have low VSWR values due to > the mutual impedance. Am I right? > > Thanks in advance for any help. > > 73 DX de PY2YP - Cesar > http://www.qsl.net/py2yp > py2yp@pobox.com > > > _______________________________________________ > > See: http://www.mscomputer.com for "Self Supporting Towers", "Wireless Weather Stations", and lot's more. Call Toll Free, 1-800-333-9041 with any questions and ask for Sherman, W2FLA. > > _______________________________________________ > TowerTalk mailing list > TowerTalk@contesting.com > http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/towertalk ```
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