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[TowerTalk] Relays in RF usage UPDATE

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Subject: [TowerTalk] Relays in RF usage UPDATE
From: (Jim Lux)
Date: Wed Aug 13 20:13:01 2003
At 11:23 PM 8/13/2003 +0000, RCARIELLO wrote:
>I just received my copy of Worldradio September 2003.
>There is an article by Kurt N. Sterba on page 34, Aerials SWR and Voltage.
>Second paragraph "voltage goes up as the square root of the VSWR. So, with
>3:1 VSWR, the voltage and current are only 1.7 times greater then with 1:1.
>A 50-Ohm perfectly matched line with 1500 watts power will have a voltage of
>274 volts. With 10:1 SWR the voltage will be 866 volts."
>I will have to recalculate my power chart I sent using this new information.
>Any comments??

That would be the voltage along a transmission line with that kind of 
mismatch, and a resistive one to boot.. What number will you use for the 
impedance of the relay, and is there any reactive power circulating.

Thought experiment:

transmission line:Capacitor: 1 wavelength transmission 
line:inductor:resistive load

where the C and L are resonant at the frequency of interest.  A 1 
wavelength TL is perfectly matched (in that the impedance looking into one 
end is exactly the impedance connected to the other)

You will have significant circulating current, so the voltage could be 
quite high.

Just goes to show that one should carefully examine the constraints on a 
simple expression like "voltage goes as square root of VSWR".  All that 
statement represents is a verbal statement of what the "standing wave 
ratio" actually is (peak voltage/minimum voltage) measured along the line.

Another thing to consider is whether 10:1 is actually a worst case?  What 
if a connector shorts or opens (infinite VSWR)?

Jim, W6RMK

>Rich AA2MF

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