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Re: [TowerTalk] I have a really stupid question (baluns and ununs)

Subject: Re: [TowerTalk] I have a really stupid question (baluns and ununs)
From: "Rob Atkinson, K5UJ" <>
Date: Fri, 12 Nov 2004 19:44:31 +0000
List-post: <>
Okay Thanks Tom and Jerry-- the key apparently is to keep the feed real short in terms of wavelength, on the ant. side of the xformer. This won't be difficult to do on 1.9 mhz. Then the characteristic Z of the feed becomes insignificant as you are approaching 0 x 1/2 w. Therefore, in theory, i could get away with any unbal. feed (provided it handled the power) if short enough, i.e. i could make something with disks holding a center rod inside a copper pipe if I could machine a proper xfer from the uhf female to the feed, and not even know the Z of the homebrew line. Not gg to do that, but just wanted to try to expand on the point for my education.
I was thinking about this purely in terms of the mechanical aspect of the connection; not wavelength. Tower Talk comes through again and yes, the male is always perfect.


From: "Tom Rauch" <> Reply-To: "Tom Rauch" <> To: "Rob Atkinson, K5UJ" <>,<> Subject: Re: [TowerTalk] I have a really stupid question (baluns and ununs) Date: Fri, 12 Nov 2004 14:21:40 -0500

> available.  unless someone is working with some sort of
complex arrangement
> of 50 ohm feeds in parallel, these ununs are usually
placed at the
> feedpoints, as in for example a vertical that has a f.p. Z
of 10 or 15 ohms,
> right?   I'd appreciate it if someone would explain to me
why a 50 to 20 ohm
> unun has a UHF female on the 20 ohm side, since I don't
know of any 20 ohm
> coax, instead of a pair of lugs.  If at the feedpoint, do
you simply defeat
> the purpose of the UHF connector by clamping the
counterpoise to the threads
> and stick a short jumper to the vertical in the center?
There's something
> wrong with this picture I'm missing.


In order to transform impedance the bump has to occupy some
distance in terms of  wavelength. In order to have a large
effect, the bump also has to be big.

The bigger the bump and the longer the bump, the more effect
it has on the system.

In a UHF connector, just like in my marriage, the male is
always perfect. It is the female that causes all the
problems. The impedance bump in the female UHF chassis
connector is roughly about 1/2 inch long. They also
typically are around 30 ohms or so Z0. That's UHF connectors
work fine all the way to lower UHF. The mismatch isn't big,
and it is VERY short.

There are indeed 20 ohm transmission lines. I even have so
15 ohms and lower Z transmission lines. But they are not
needed if leads are short. Most lug or wire connections are
in the hundreds of ohms!! Even they are not a problem.

Think of it this way, if the line is really short in terms
of wavelength, the standing waves have no place to stand.
Just keep the leads short.

Seems most people using a UNUN (myself included) are using it to transform
the 50 ohm feedline to match a low or high Z (but resonant) antenna such as
a ground
mounted vertical or inverted L.  I used a short (12" long) section of rg213
from the UNUN to
the antenna (about 20 ohms at the feedpoint of my 160m inverted L).
Impedence at the end of a
coax cable depends not only on the impedence of the cable but the frequency
versus wavelength.
Remember the old saying:    1/4 wave transforms, 1/2 wave repeats.
Anything in between will depend
on the wavelength.
Don't worry about stupid out for stupid answers (like

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