At 09:24 AM 8/3/2005, Jim Brown wrote:
>On Wed, 03 Aug 2005 16:03:52 -0400, Steve London wrote:
> >That is true, but every MOV I see in the Mouser catalog is rated in RMS
> >so you can indeed choose a 130 or 150 volt MOV for your ~120 VAC power.
>You are missing the point. MOV's get fried from an accumulation of spikes
>they dissipate. When they fry, they may short, or they may open, and they can
>even catch fire!
Which is why there has to be a fuse in series with the power lead going to
> When MOV's are used in most equipment, there is one across the
>line, one from line to ground, and one from neutral to ground. Since neutral
>must be bonded to ground at the service panel, it's unlikely that the one
>neutral to ground will blow (unless the strike is so close that your internal
>wiring gets hit). If the line to ground or line to neutral MOV's develop a
>short, it should pop the breaker. But if it opens, you never know.
MOVs also "wear out". Every transient they suck up degrades them a bit. (I
learned this when trying to suppress spikes on a variable frequency motor
Things like vacuum sparkgaps (e.g. those from Victoreen, also used for
transient suppression, and similar in cost to the MOVs) don't have a
wearout mode. Neither do gas tube type devices (essentially rugged neon
>There is another VERY important problem with using MOV's for suppression
>conduct the surge to whatever equipment ground they are connected to! Since
>there is lots of resistance and inductance between that "ground" point and
>(which is where the lightning hit is going), Ohm's law says that the current
>will raise the voltage of that equipment ground by many KV. Now, what about
>other equipment connected to that same equipment? There's many KV between
>equipment and this circuit, and that other equipment can be toast. Not nice.
See: http://www.mscomputer.com for "Self Supporting Towers", "Wireless Weather
Stations", and lot's more. Call Toll Free, 1-800-333-9041 with any questions
and ask for Sherman, W2FLA.
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