In a message dated 8/4/2005 11:33:11 PM Pacific Daylight Time,
> This question has been bugging me for a while. I've been trying to figure
why tower guys are preloaded. I haven't worked out why that is an advantage
over simply tightening them enough to take up the slack. I run the math on
wind loading and such and the preload always seems to increase the stress on
the tower. There must be something I am overlooking.
You need to take a look at the big picture. A tower is a structure
designed within certain industry and engineering standards. All of the proper
components and specifications are necessary for the tower's reliability.
As far as 'preload', I don't know if there's an engineering definition
but from my point of view the preload could be *any* value - and not
the proper one.
Guy wires are tensioned to 10% of the ultimate breaking strength of the
cable; i.e. 400 pounds for 3/16" EHS which has an UBS of 3900 pounds @ 70
degrees F. Guy wires at less than this value will be too loose and in a wind
slammed/hammered due to the slack in the guys produced by excessive tower
movement. Guy wires with a tension higher than the prescribed value will exert
more compressive force on the legs of the tower (the leg strength of the tower
is the limiting factor of tower capacity) and use up most of all of the
compressive load before there's even an antenna on it.
Even if you didn't know the reason why, you should be following the LXC
Prime Directive to "DO what the manufacturer says".
The easiest and cheapest way to have the proper tension is to use a Loos
Guy Wire Tensioner. They're pretty accurate too. One for 3/16" and 1/4" - the
most common ham sizes - is available from www.championradio.com for $79.00.
Champion Radio Products
TOWER TECH -
Professional tower services for commercial and amateur
See: http://www.mscomputer.com for "Self Supporting Towers", "Wireless Weather
Stations", and lot's more. Call Toll Free, 1-800-333-9041 with any questions
and ask for Sherman, W2FLA.
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