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## [TowerTalk] Figuring degrees of a coax line

 To: towertalk@contesting.com [TowerTalk] Figuring degrees of a coax line Dennis OConnor Wed, 17 Oct 2007 05:20:57 -0700 (PDT)
 ```Yup, your method will work... A bit more accurate way is to use your antenna analyzer (or an RF generator) as an rf voltage source and a VOM with an RF voltage probe... (you can make an RF probe in minutes - see the ARRL handbook) For those who have not done this before just remember one fact - the driven end of a quarter wave stub reverses the impedence seen at it's far end.. So, if the far end is infinite impedence (open circuit) it will be zero ohms impedence at the driven end... First cut the coax to a computed .25 wave, plus a bit, then by leaving the far end open circuited and frequency sweeping for the frequency that shows zero volts at the driven end gradually cut the coax so it is a quarter wave (zero volts @ 90 deg) on your chosen frequency... By doing it this way you eliminate the variables that the coax may not have the velocity factor claimed by the manufacturer, etc... Then measure the length and compute your inches per degree and do your final cut to your desired degrees... **************************************************************************** The other way is the same method - but to calculate at what frequency your 71 degree stub will be 90 degrees electrically... Then use the method above to directly cut the stub to the 90 degree point at that offset frequency - which means it will be 71 degrees at the desired frequency... As example, we want a 71 degree stub at 3500kc.. At what frequency will that stub be equal to 90 degrees? The proportion is: 71 90 ------ = ------ 3500 X Cross multiply 90 x 3500 = 71 times X or 315000 = 71 X or X = 315000 / 71 and X = 4436.6 kc So, cut your stub for 90 degrees at 4436.6 and it will be 71 degrees at 3500... You guys can check my math for brain farts, etc... And, yes I know about 0.7 volts loss across the diode and offsets and oscillator pulling and hysteresis, etc.. But this is ham radio not the physics lab and this will get him as close enough for variable frequency ham use... __________________________________________________ Do You Yahoo!? Tired of spam? Yahoo! Mail has the best spam protection around http://mail.yahoo.com _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ TowerTalk mailing list TowerTalk@contesting.com http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/towertalk ```
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