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Re: [TowerTalk] optimum vertical length

To: Dan Zimmerman N3OX <>
Subject: Re: [TowerTalk] optimum vertical length
From: jimlux <>
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2009 06:44:09 -0700
List-post: <">>
Dan Zimmerman N3OX wrote:
>> If one uses the old CB antenna rules of 12-15 ft max height above
>> structure as a constraint, are you better off with some sort of short
>> vertical dipole, up 30 ft on the roof, or with a 45 ft vertical, on the
>> ground?
>  When you start talking about 12 foot high vertical dipoles, you really need
> to revisit your assumption of a lossless matching network.
> Anyway, this is straying off the original topic, but I think that the best
> all-HF-bands approach even in a situation where unobtrusiveness is very
> important may be more than one type of antenna...

And, also Joe's comments about multiple antennas.

So.. given one fixed length element, the trade is to make it long enough 
that the efficiency isn't wretched on the lowest band of operation, but 
short enough that you don't get funky high band patterns.. which is tough.

So, you can make a single "variable length" radiator; either by the 
SteppIR approach, or with traps. (Leading to an interesting question of 
whether, given that you've got a tuner, you could use just one trap.. 
can one make a "low pass" trap?   you'd have one length for, say, 
10,12,15,17 and another for 20,30,40,80)

Or, as seems to be a reasonably non-obtrusive solution, a long ground 
mounted vertical (for lower bands) and a shorter roof mounted vertical 
(for higher bands)

One might also be able to make a fairly inconspicuous multiband vertical 
of sorts.. base driven for low bands, center fed for higher bands (coax 
up the center of bottom half) with some switching scheme to short the 
upper feedpoint remotely.

Leading to yet another interesting question.  Given, say, a 40 ft total 
vertical length, for low bands, are you better off feeding it as a short 
  vertical dipole (in the middle) or as a base fed vertical (where you 
add losses from the ground)..

I suspect the base fed is better, because you can always put lots of 
radials out and make the loss no worse than the bottom half of the 
vertical dipole, and the IR losses in a short radiator are always higher 
than in a longer radiator.

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