Thanks for explanation, which I have clearly understood.You are right, the
"compatibility with existing infrastructure" is quite a big problem and we
had similar situation with colour TV systém, when the colour TV started in
Czech rep. In 1950 s (Secam).Then within 30 years we had to change the
systém in to Pal.But this is other story.
Thanks for explanation.
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I think that it's "compatibility with existing infrastructure" that
drives single phase residential use here in the US more than anything.
It would be interesting to see the history of residential
electrification in Europe, particularly the differences between the
1910-1920 era and 1945-1960. In the US, there was a huge build out of
electrical distribution in the 1930s (depression era public works
projects, Rural Electrification Administration, etc.), most of which is
still in use (it causes problems when it gets hot in the summer here..
all those 60+ year old transformers up on power poles finally dying)
As for the standard "200A service".. that's about 48kW, but nobody draws
that much for very long. It was chosen more as a "nice round number" I
suspect. Yours is about half that.. 100 Amp service here would be
comparable and there are quite a few residences with that level of
service (or smaller, say in condominiums or apartments.. multi-unit
dwellings in general)
Houses in the US tend to be larger than Europe, and we are fairly
profligate with our electricity consumption to boot (having had and
still having very cheap electricity on a per kWh basis).
The other thing is that the *installation cost* difference between a
100Amp and 200Amp service is negligible.. the size of the feeder from
the transformer is roughly the same, etc.
The transformers are certainly not sized for N-houses * 48kW/house. My
house has a 200 Amp service, but there are 8 houses on a single 50kVA
transformer. Clearly they are not expecting us all to draw the max at
the same time. As it happens our transformer is undersized, so we get
light blink when the neighbor's AC turns on, etc.
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