> "Would you consider my 130' center fed dipole "resonant" on 60 or 30 m
> because the antenna tuner inside the rig can tune the
> antenna/twin-lead/balun/coax to a 1:1 SWR inside the rig? Sorry to say
> but that one hurts my head to think of as "resonant". Tuned? yes.
> Matched? Yes. Resonant? No."
How are you defining the terms "tuned," and "matched?" What is tuned and
what is matched? How is your use of "tuned" different than "resonant?"
Your antenna in this example is not resonant at the antenna feed point, but
resonant as a system attached to a transmission line with the help of the
Let's consider your example of a 130 ft center-fed dipole with some length
of transmission line being used on 60 or 30m. If the tuner in the rig is
performing it's job and it attains a 1:1 VSWR at the input to the tuner,
then your 130 ft dipole and transmission line are resonated, where the
system reactance is zero. That's a resonant antenna system - where circuit
reactance is zero. In some circles, it's also called "tuned." See below.
Tuned = Resonant = 0 reactance = X(0).
That's the X value but R may be a value well above or well below 50 ohms,
but your antenna is still resonant. However, is it also matched at the line
I just assisted in the design and installation of a 160m "T" radiator
consisting of 85' ft of vertical section and a 130 ft. flat top section.
Using 4Nec2 software, the feed-point Z was close to 50+j200. This value was
confirmed with a Vector Network Analyzer. Under this condition, tuning the
antenna to resonance and matching the antenna to 50 ohms resistive requires
a low-pass L network, or simply a series capacitor to cancel inductive
reactance by an equal but opposite amount of capacitive reactance. In this
case, one series capacitor will tune the system to resonance, while ensuring
that the input remains matched at 50 ohms resistive (50+j0) for a 1:1 VSWR.
It may have also been possible to achieve the same result by changing the
feedline length to also tune the system into resonance. But tuning to
resonance may not have yielded an R=50 value.
Through the decades, this topic has been presented over and over again by
QST's editors with re-prints of By Goodman's classic article: "My Feedline
Tunes My Antenna." Here, Goodman used the term "tune" to denote resonance.
Rather than using line length to resonate the system as discussed by
Goodman, the tuner in your rig is doing it for you, and it's performing the
full tune (resonating) and match function to attain 50+j0 at the tuner input
for a 1:1 VSWR.
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