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RE: [RFI] New chipset vs. EMI in notebook computers.

To: <rfi@contesting.com>
Subject: RE: [RFI] New chipset vs. EMI in notebook computers.
From: "Morse, Earl (E.A.)" <emorse@ford.com>
Date: Wed, 21 Jul 2004 16:29:39 -0400
List-post: <mailto:rfi@contesting.com>
This technology is old hat.  Almost every personal computer used a clock 
generator with the Spread Spectrum or "dithering" enabled when I was working on 
them 18 months ago.  CISPR uses receivers with 120 kHz bandwidth at the 
frequencies where this technique is effective. (above 30 MHz) The higher the 
harmonic the more it is spread.  It isn't too effective on 2nd or 3rd harmonics 
but at higher harmonics it can make a huge difference.

The only place we couldn't use it was on analog video because the dithering 
would make the lines of text swim on the screen.

In a nutshell,
Very effective on higher harmonic frequencies.
Don't expect much relief on emissions below 30 MHz where CISPR bandwidths are 
only 9 kHz.

If you truly want to see the effect of the dithering take a look at your modern 
PC and find out which clock generator you have ICS, IMI, Cypress etc.  Get the 
data sheet off the web and get their utility for flipping the register bits on 
the chip.  You will be able to toggle the dither off and on via the register 
and see the difference.

BTW, as manufacturers move closer to one chip solutions the clock generators 
are being incorporated into the main chipsets.  


>Message: 2
>Date: Tue, 20 Jul 2004 18:47:38 -0700
>From: "Kevin Rowett" <n6rce@arrl.net>
>Subject: RE: [RFI] New chipset vs. EMI in notebook computers.
>To: <rfi@contesting.com>
>Message-ID: <00c401c46ec4$b3ebffd0$b600000a@N6RCELaptop>
>Content-Type: text/plain;      charset="US-ASCII"
>The cypress part is from a company they bought a few years ago.  The
>part is a crystal OSC that outputs a "Spread Spectrum" clock, rather than
>a CW clock.
>The idea is the clock frequency moves around just a bit - not too fast, and
>not too much.  Not enough to create timing problems inside ICs, but enough
>that no narrowband CW signals show up on the PCB or chassis. 
>This is all targetted at passing CISPR 22 and FCC class B Part 15 emissions
>for unintentional radiators.  The net effect of the wandering clock is
>the total power in the passband of the test receiver.
>As for the units being less noisey into the radio sitting on the same table
>- YMMV.
>de -KR- N6RCE

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