[CQ-Contest] How to Handle 40M during CQWW?

Bill Coleman AA4LR aa4lr at radio.org
Tue Oct 26 16:30:04 EDT 1999

On 10/26/99 13:27, Jeffrey Short at jshort at mindspring.com wrote:

>	1) For multi's, do you run alot on 40?  Hunt and pounce?  Or 
>split 50-50?

First of all, you didn't say WHICH CQWW mode you were operating. CW or 
SSB? Makes a big difference.

On CW, you should be able to run 40m much like any other band.

On SSB, welcome to the world of Split. You'll be doing mostly hunt and 
pounce, maybe a bit of running if you are lucky.

>	2) It seems on the higher bands that "the rest of the world" 
>basically uses the same frequencies.  However on 40, I know that 
>you have the DX windows... 

No, there aren't DX windows, per se. It's just that 40m is a different 
band in different parts of the world. The ITU divides the world into 
three regions. Region 1 is Europe and Africa, Region 2 is North and South 
America and Region 3 is everything else (more or less).

In Region 2 and 3, 40m goes from 7.0 to 7.3 MHz. In Region 1 however, 40m 
is 7.0 to 7.1 MHz. In a CW contest, you'll see all 40m activity in the 
first 100 kHz, with most of it at the bottom of the band. On SSB, just 
about all the Region 2 and 3 stations will run down to the low end of the 
band, because that's where all the Region 1 folks are. The problem is, if 
you happen to be a Region 2 station in the US, you CAN NOT operate SSB 
from 7.0 to 7.1 MHz. So, you have to call on a frequency above 7.15 and 
listen below 7.1 MHz. It is called split.

>With that in mind, how do you handle 
>runs?  Do you listen on both your frequency and a frequency that is 
>in the window "at the same time"?  Or do you switch off between 
>both frequencies (making sure that you don't transmit on 7050 and 
>listen...u get the idea!)?

This mode of operation is called split. Usually you'll listen on a 
frequency below 7.1 MHz, and transmit above 7.15 MHz. Stations doing this 
while calling CQ will announce their listening frequency. Some stations 
have fancy transceivers with dual receive (FT1000MP, Icom 756, etc) and 
may be listening on BOTH calling and listening frequencies.

One thing you need to be prepared for when operating CQWW on SSB is the 
abject frustration of hearing good, juicy DX stations calling CQ 
endlessly while listening simplex. Some operators give in to the 
temptation and transmit crys of frustration out of band. Don't give in to 
that temptation. Be strong.

>	3) Is there anything that I should be "looking out for" while 
>doing the graveyard shift on 40?  A particular direction that I should 
>be listening to...do I need to follow the sunrise for "good" 
>propagation?  etc...

40m shares some of the characteristics of a "nighttime" band like 80m, 
and some of the "daytime" band. I'd talk to your band captain -- he'll be 
able to give you good advise on what you expect from your location.

>	4) Any other tips for a newbie?  Any particular websites that 
>are "godsends" for the contesting newbie (after all, we were all 
>newbies at one time or another)?

When you aren't operating 40m, listen to the other operators. If you can 
gang on a second set of phones, listen in to their technique. On your off 
times, ask questions of those not operating.

http://www.contesting.com has a lot of good stuff about contesting, as 
well as links to other sites. 

I hope this helps.

(40m 2nd operator at NQ4I M/M - CQWW SSB 97, CQWW SSB 98)

Bill Coleman, AA4LR, PP-ASEL        Mail: aa4lr at radio.org
Quote: "Boot, you transistorized tormentor! Boot!"
            -- Archibald Asparagus, VeggieTales

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