Topband: Comments on High Performance RX Antennas for a Small Lot (Webinar)

JC n4is at
Fri Mar 4 13:11:04 EST 2016

Hi Frank

I agree with you. I'm near Fort Lauderdale in a city lot, directivity  from
my Vertical WF did help me a lot on 160, some rare DX like 4W6 was possible
only direct and using the vertical WF. 9M0 first time was also direct  using
the VWF but next year 9M4 was only possible to work using my HWF long path
SSW. 80 and 40m is very easy from here ,over 300 using only a R7 for TX on
40m and tuning my 160m TX antenna on 80m, not all the time, it is hard to
tune it.

The noise around me is increasing every year and I am not using my VWF
anymore, only the HWF( 11.5) dB RDF) due horizontal polarization the HWF
rejects most of the city noise. I tuned the HWF for maximum rejection of
vertical signal and the size is just big enough so I can hear some man made
noise, It is not tuned for maximum RDF(12 dB) or F/B. 

My average noise here during the day is  around -85dBm, a rural location
noise can be as low as -125 dBm, all 500 Hz BW. It is a 40 dBm  more noisy.

My 160m station is on my back yard, 150Ft x 50Ft , including the 64 radials
in between  25 Ft (70%) to 120 Ft (30%). Doug NX4D QTH is only 1/5 of an
acre for his WF and TX vertical. We are getting close to 300 countries on
160m, Doug is 298 and I'm 283 now.


-----Original Message-----
From: Topband [mailto:topband-bounces at] On Behalf Of
donovanf at
Sent: Friday, March 04, 2016 12:04 PM
To: Topband at
Subject: Re: Topband: Comments on High Performance RX Antennas for a Small
Lot (Webinar)

Hi Tim, 

While RDF is helpful, nothing substitutes for devoting the effort to analyze
the detailed antenna pattern. RDF is especially useful in quiet rural areas
with very few homes and power lines and within several miles of our antenna,
but its insufficient for most of us. 

Very few of us live in an extremely quiet local RFI environment any more,
especially now that just one RFI generating electrical or electronic device
in a single home within a mile (or more) can suddenly ruin our previously
quiet RFI environment. Life was much easier when we only had to worry about
power line RFI. 

RFI caused by a high efficiency heating and air conditioning system in a
home a mile from my QTH caused me to install the 8-circle W8JI receiving
arrays at W3LPL to provide a much narrower main beam than I could achieve
with Beverage antennas. The 8-circle often provides a tremendous improvement
compared to my 580 foot Beverages which I still have and use. I don't have
adequate space for longer Beverages or arrays of phased Beverages. 

Most of us care more about narrowing the beamwidth of the main beam at
elevation angles below about 30 degrees while also inimizing RFI arriving at
all azimuths outside the main beam at low angles. RDF doesn't do that for
us, it optimizes over the entire hemisphere, often at the expense of better
RFI rejection at low angles. 

Better RFI rejection usually results in a different optimization than RDF
alone can provide. RDF provides a good starting point, but it doesn't
provide the complete answer for most of us. 


----- Original Message -----

From: "Tim Shoppa" <tshoppa at>
To: "Richard (Rick) Karlquist" <richard at>
Cc: Topband at
Sent: Friday, March 4, 2016 2:59:34 PM
Subject: Re: Topband: Comments on High Performance RX Antennas for a Small
Lot (Webinar) 

The RDF seems to be the best we have at the moment, for taking a
3-dimensional pattern and turning it into a single number. Of course the
details of the 3-dimensional pattern are lost. 

In addition to the quantitative RDF or S/N numbers, the qualitative change
in pattern as you move up the RDF is remarkable. We go from 

* no directivity
* a null in back with not much differentiation between forward and side
* increasing side rejection
* near-complete side rejection
* increasing rejection of directions near forward but not quite forward 

The 8-circle is mind-blowing. 

Tim N3QE 

On Fri, Mar 4, 2016 at 12:37 AM, Richard (Rick) Karlquist <
richard at> wrote: 

> In this webinar, it was asserted (without explanation) that for every 
> 1 dB increase in RDF, you get 1.5 to 2.0 dB improvement in S/N ratio. 
> I've never heard that before and don't even see how it makes sense. 
> Actually, I don't even know how you can make generalizations like that 
> unless you are describing a theoretical QTH with uniform isotropic 
> noise. I'd like to believe this is true.
> Can someone educate me as to why I should believe this? 
> Rick N6RK
> _________________
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