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Re: [Amps] AL1200 on AM - max carrier?

To: "Robert Logan" <>, "Kimberly Elmore" <>
Subject: Re: [Amps] AL1200 on AM - max carrier?
From: "Carl" <>
Date: Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:53:57 -0400
List-post: <">>
I think I should mention that 375W is for a 100% modulated sine wave. Since speech is asymmetric and various compression/clipping methods allow much higher positive peaks while clipping the negative ones at around 95% a higher resulting in more "talk power" for 1500W PEP. I dont know of anyone that is that fussy to worry about it anyway on AM..... or SSB or CW where the amps are tuned for max anyway no matter what the power is.

With rigs that permit a single sideband AM the equation changes.


----- Original Message ----- From: "Robert Logan via Amps" <>
To: "Kimberly Elmore" <>
Cc: <>
Sent: Thursday, October 30, 2014 10:16 AM
Subject: Re: [Amps] AL1200 on AM - max carrier?

Thought I might mention the legal limit for AM is 375 watts carrier. Bob. NZ5A

Sent from my iPhone

On Oct 30, 2014, at 9:04 AM, Kimberly Elmore <> wrote:

Any amp will be inefficient when used as a linear amplifier for AM because as drive is reduced, efficiency is reduced. They will all generate a lot of heat in this application. However, the AL-1200 should hold up well to the lock-and-talk culture. In AM, PEP is 4X the carrier, Overall, you want the carrier to be at 1/4 of the amp's rated PEP output.

Assuming the driver generates 100 W output, tune the amp for max or 1500 W output (whichever comes first) with the amp in SSB mode. You want SSB mode because you want the best linearity. Whether or not you use SSB or CW makes little difference in the efficiency for your application but makes a big difference in linearity.

Usually, when the driving rig is in AM mode, the carrier is reduced to 1/4 of the max PEP SSB output. In such cases, you should see no more than 375 W carrier power (375 x 4 = 1500).

If you are trying to drive it with an older plate-modulated tube rig, you ill have to be careful if you reduce the power output because the modulation transformer is designed with a particular output impedance in mind. If you reduce the drive to the PA, the impedance changes and you will have to set the proper audio level using a scope or modulation monitor.Start with audio gain at zero, bringing it up slowly. Otherwise, you risk arcing in and destruction of the modulation transformer.

Kim N5OP

On Thursday, October 30, 2014 8:05 AM, Gary Smith <> wrote:

One thing for sure, run it at the CW
setting, use the lower KV setting and you
will run far cooler for a given KW out.


I want to run my AL-1200 on AM for a short stint (2 hours operating
time, 50% overall duty cycle). I have tested it at about 225 watts
carrier output, and with moderately high duty cycle transmissions (known
in the AM crowd as 'Old Buzzarding'), it gets quite hot.

What is the max recommended AM carrier power for long-winded transmissions?

Also, I'm assuming it should be tuned up for proper operation at double
the carrier power.

 I searched the list finding no real answers.


Tony, K1KP

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