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Re: [RFI] Daisy chain vs Common Ground in Shack

To: Sean Waite <waisean@gmail.com>, rfi@contesting.com
Subject: Re: [RFI] Daisy chain vs Common Ground in Shack
From: "Roger (K8RI)" <k8ri@rogerhalstead.com>
Date: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 17:44:21 -0400
List-post: <mailto:rfi@contesting.com>
Yup. I strip abt the last 3/4" of jacket and dielectric, twist the braid tight onto the exposed center conductor, crimp a ring or spade terminal onto the end and then coat the exposed braid with liquid electrical tape. I often neglect the liquid tape in the den or shop as they are temperature and humidity controlled. (If I remember to empty the dehumidifiers.) Solder can be used at the terminal as there shouldn't be a vibration or flexing problem.

73, Roger (K8RI)

On 6/8/2017 Thursday 8:50 AM, Sean Waite wrote:

Hi Roger,

What connectors do you use when running 8X as ground wire? Do you squeeze the stripped braid into a ring terminal?

Sean WA1TE

On Thu, Jun 8, 2017, 01:58 Roger (K8RI) <k8ri@rogerhalstead.com <mailto:k8ri@rogerhalstead.com>> wrote:

    I downloaded your tutorials a while back, but haven't read the one on
    grounding. It makes sense to me as using a common ground is installing
    two grounds of different lengths. One being the ground line to the
    common point (Not CPG) and the other being the coax shields in a Daisy
    Chain.  For more than two items, the ground currents / paths, can be
    quite complex,
    In the shack, why not leave the coax in tact. That way the braid is
    protected except at the very ends.  I strip the ends just far enough
    back to be able to crimp the connectors on.  I coat any exposed braid
    from the jacket onto the end of the crimp-on connector.  I've used
    and 8X-LL for some years. This allowed me to have the ground line very
    close to the lengths of the coax cables.  I do not solder into the
    crimp-on. That works well in aircraft where soldered connections are
    prohibited due to vibration except in specific connectors.

    The recent common wisdom had me working on changing that, but now I'm
    going back to Daisy Chaining. Thanks for bringing it up, Sean and
    Jim for the work on grounding.

    73, Roger (K8RI)

    On 6/7/2017 Wednesday 9:08 PM, Jim Brown wrote:
    > On Wed,6/7/2017 2:55 PM, Sean Waite wrote:
    >> Hi Jim,
    >> I was hoping you might respond. I've read a lot of your slides and
    >> papers and have started sharing them out (along with W1HIS's
    >> on chokes) when people ask about RFI. I saw that book, but wasn't
    >> sure if there was much in there about RF grounding that wasn't
    >> already available on your site. I may have to pick up a copy, I
    >> a few other grounding questions that it might answer.
    >> Everything I've read of yours makes a lot of sense, the only
    reason I
    >> questioned it was because it strays directly against conventional
    >> wisdom. Considering how many hams consider RFI and grounding to be
    >> some sort of magic, it's not terribly surprising that there is bad
    >> information out there. Just today I saw a thread with someone
    >> recommending that when men have to answer the "call of nature" that
    >> they go out and periodically water the ground rod to increase the
    >> soil salinity and conductivity.
    >> Is there ever a case where the star bond is the correct one?
    > There is FAR more to my tutorial (and to Ward's book) than how
    > equipment is bonded in the shack. ALL of it is important.
    >> Is there an evidence based counter to the methods you suggest?
    > Not that I know of.  My recommendations, as well as Ward's, are
    > on the total picture -- power, lightning, fire and personal safety,
    > audio, RFI, and all sorts of other systems.
    >> Given the thoroughness of your research and the implied backing of
    >> the ARRL through NOAX's book, it seems like daisy chaining
    really is
    >> the right way to go though. If I'm reading your slides
    correctly, you
    >> recommend stripping the braid off of the coax linking devices like
    >> the transceiver, tuner, and switches? Does this remove the need for
    >> common mode chokes on the same pieces of coax?
    > I don't know where you got that idea. The answer is NO. What I DO
    > recommend is using braid stripped from coax for indoor bonding. Ward
    > does NOT recommend that, because he feels that the copper is more
    > likely to oxidize when exposed to air (rather than remaining inside
    > the insulation provided by the coax jacket). When I use braid in
    > manner, I usually enclose it in heat shrink to minimize that
    >> It's taken me a few readthroughs of your material to digest it,
    and I
    >> had everything in the shack disconnected anyway so it was a
    good time
    >> to redo the ground.
    > 73, Jim
    >> The great part about this hobby is that there is always more
    >> to do. Thanks for the reply,
    >> Sean WA1TE
    >> On Wed, Jun 7, 2017 at 5:19 PM Jim Brown
    <jim@audiosystemsgroup.com <mailto:jim@audiosystemsgroup.com>
    >> <mailto:jim@audiosystemsgroup.com
    <mailto:jim@audiosystemsgroup.com>>> wrote:
    >>     Sean,
    >>     In the new ARRL book on Grounding and Bonding, you will find me
    >>     credited
    >>     as a contributor,  you will find my methods cited, and you will
    >> find a
    >>     link to the slides for my tutorial on the topic. The book
    is by Ward
    >>     Silver, N0AX, who also edits the ARRL Handbook and Antenna
    >>     The primary my recommendation differs from prior "wisdom"
    on the
    >> topic
    >>     is that the prior wisdom ignored the issue of leakage current
    >> from the
    >>     AC power system, which is how power line "buzz" couples into
    >> equipment
    >>     that is interconnected with other equipment. That prior wisdom
    >> depends
    >>     on the fictional concept of a "ground loop" as the cause of
    >> buzz,
    >>     ignores the fact that the shield of audio cables between
    >>     creates a loop with a "star ground," and is ignorant of a
    >>     cause of both buzz and RFI called "The Pin One Problem."
    >>     My method solves all of those problems, AND satisfies
    grounding and
    >>     bonding requirements for RF and lightning protection.
    >>     FACT -- the ONLY way in which a LOOP affects a system is if
    it is
    >> in a
    >>     magnetic field (from a poorly shielded power transformer,
    or in a
    >>     place
    >>     with improper AC wiring). In both of those situations, the
    >>     noise will be pure 60 Hz (hum) not buzz (triplen harmonics
    of 60
    >> Hz --
    >>     180, 360, 540, 720, etc).
    >>     73, Jim K9YC
    >>     On Wed,6/7/2017 12:50 PM, Sean Waite wrote:
    >>     > Hi everyone,
    >>     >
    >>     > I was reading through a lot of K9YC's articles on
    grounding and
    >>     RFI. It
    >>     > seems that he recommends daisy chaining ground together
    in the
    >>     shack, and
    >>     > then running a single cable from the last point out to the
    >>     common house
    >>     > ground. His reasoning seems sound (combined with choking off
    >> coax to
    >>     > eliminate ground loops), but it goes against everything
    you hear
    >>     about
    >>     > station grounding.
    >>     >
    >>     > Is this the correct thing to do? Am I just misreading
    what he's
    >>     writing? A
    >>     > lot of RFI topics seem to be borderline magic in the ham
    >>     community and I'm
    >>     > trying to unravel the myth from reality.
    >>     >
    >>     > Thanks and 73,
    >>     > Sean Waite, WA1TE
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