Topband
[Top] [All Lists]

## Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query...

 To: "Chuck Hutton" , Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query... "Ford Peterson" Sun, 22 Aug 2004 12:44:03 -0500
 ```Chuck Hutton wrote: ...SNIP... > Second, I'm not understanding your transformers. I have been thinking you > were using the standard 2 wire system where the far end of wire #1 is open > and the far end of wire #2 is grounded. The two wires feed into a > transformer whose secondary impedance is the push - pull impedance of the > pair and the primary is the receiver impedance. The center tap of the > secondary feeds the secondary of another transformer whose secondary matches > the impedance of the 2 wires to ground and primary matches the receiver. > (Sorry to be so long winded but some people don't have the reference and > some people have different versions so I didn't want to just give a figure > number.) > > So the first transformer matches 680 Ohms (in your case) to 50 Ohms. The > second transformer matches 350 Ohms to 50 Ohms. That's why I don't > understand when you write "680 to 450". 1:1 would be even worse..... > > > Chuck An explanation is in order. I'm looking at the 3rd edition of John-ON4UN's book. Figure 7-23 (A)describes the basic system you mention with one wire grounded at the end and one wire floating. But he also indicates that this only works when the characteristic impedance of the transmission line pair match the characteristic impedance of the lines over ground--further suggesting the use of 450 ohm lines for the wires. At the feedpoint, a center tapped transformer matching 680 ohms to 50 is used for the first direction. The second direction uses a transformer (340 : 50) tied to the center tap of the first transformer. Figure 7-23 (B) uses a center tapped transformer to match the 680 ohm lines to the characteristic impedance of the lines at the end termination. In this case, he suggests a 688 : 340 match. I am using the transformer at the termination end since I'm using 688 ohm lines. What has me confused is the 340 ohm target impedance. My question has been 'how the heck is this determined?' So I'm trying to dial this in on my beverage. Tom-W8JI just posted an excellent procedure for me to dial this in. I'll try this today. Frankly, I was a bit confused when I made my initial measurements. I was looking for the characteristic impedance of just one of the wires over ground, with the second one floating at both ends. My initial 'best guess' was about 450 ohms. I suspect my data was not as pristine due to that other floating wire. Tom-W8JI has provided some much needed basics on what it is I'm looking for. The two lines must be tied in parallel and THEN search for the characteristic impedance of the line(s) over ground. It's very time consuming and tedious work. Last time I walked almost 3 miles back and forth looking for the 450 ohm 'best guess.' Yesterday, a suggestion was made to measure the ground resistance and subtract it from the 680 ohm line impedance and use that. My ground is about 30 ohms, so the 1 : 1 transformer was suggested to approximate the 680 : 650 transform (darn near impossible to wind by the way ; ). Thanks for the help guys. I want a beverage that works well and I'm a bit out-of-my-league in figuring out how to make it work well. So what I lack in the form of brains I need to compensate with labor... In this case, the old Swedish proverb is appropriate: "When you fail to use your head, you get to use your feet." Ford-N0FP ford@cmgate.com _______________________________________________ Topband mailing list Topband@contesting.com http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/topband ```
 Current Thread Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Ford Peterson Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Larry Molitor Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Larry Molitor Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Ford Peterson Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Ford Peterson Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Chuck Hutton Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Ford Peterson <= Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Ford Peterson Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Roger D Johnson Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Hardy Landskov Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Chuck Hutton Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Nick Hall-Patch RE: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Donald Chester Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., CHARLES HUTTON Re: Topband: Two Wire Beverage Query..., Tom Rauch