N6ZZ at aol.com N6ZZ at aol.com
Wed Nov 9 03:19:22 EST 1994

Band   Qsos   Zones   Countries
1.8            4          1            3
3.7          36          9           15
7          1159        30           73
14        1609        34          121
21        2521        33          126
28        1219        26            90
Total     6548      133          428
Score:  10,459,284 approx; haven't had time to look at log since returning
from Africa.

Multi-Multi;  Operators:  K6MC, N6AA, N6ZZ, VK5AI, W6XD, ZS6EZ, ZS6NW and

Comments:  Callsign was frequently misunderstood, made S&P a real challenge.
 Thunderstorms in area contributed to poor show on 80/160, but probably not
as much as European QRM covering us.  Used N6TR program relatively
hassle-free.  No radios broke during contest.  

IMPORTANT NOTE:  QSLs go to ZS6EZ, and will take awhile for printing and
distribution.   Patience, please!

73 - Phil, N6ZZ                       aka                    N6ZZ at AOL.COM    

>From David O. Hachadorian" <0006471356 at mcimail.com  Tue Nov  8 23:28:00 1994
From: David O. Hachadorian" <0006471356 at mcimail.com (David O. Hachadorian)
Date: Tue, 8 Nov 94 18:28 EST
Subject: K6LL SSCW Score
Message-ID: <32941108232823/0006471356PK2EM at MCIMAIL.COM>

K6LL, high power, single operator

80       76
40      482
20      424
15      384
total   1366 x 77 = 210,364

My first venture into single operator, two radio. Slowly phased it in, and
by Sunday morning sorta had the hang of it. Only made 57 Q's on the second
radio. The radio shack had been totally torn apart the previous few days
getting the second radio and borrowed amp wired in. It's amazing that
anything worked at all! Used N6TRLog for the first time, with no major
problems, just a few little rough edges that may have been due to my lack of

Solar flare? It went unnoticed down here in the "banana belt," as k6xo calls

The second radio was a used TS-830. The guy I bought it from had installed
two Fox - Tango 400 Hz. cw filters and believe me those filters are *nice*.
Much sharper than the two Kenwood 500's in the TS-850 sitting right next to
the 830, and no ringing or other adverse effects were noted. Gotta get those
in the next radio, whatever it is, if hardware filters are still used by
that time.

Exactly two minutes before the contest, RF started getting into the
computer. The lights on the keyboard started blinking like a cheap pinball
machine, the speaker started beeping, it all locked up and I had to go to
full power off to reboot. It happened immediately twice more, and I missed
the first twelve minutes of the contest frantically rearranging ground wires
and cables until It finally worked. I had just worked Tree on backscatter at
about 2045, and mentioned to him that I thought everything was ready. His
reply was "That's the first sign of danger." Prophetic.

Rarest sections: NWT(1), WY(1), PAC/AK/PQ(2 ea.)
Least rare: IL(66), MI(62), OH(62), STX(49)

Rig 1: TS-850, SB-220
Rig 2: TS-830, SB-220 (Borrowed. It's true friendship when somebody loans
an amplifier to a contester.)

Antennas, all on one 48' tower (no laughing, please)
80m - half sloper from 46'
40m - 2 el Cushcraft at 55 feet
20/15m rig 1 - KT34XA at 49 feet.
20m rig 2 - the same half sloper as above with an open switch at 50'
for 3/4 wavelength.
15m rig 2 - driven element of the Cushcraft 40m beam fed through a tuner.

Other stuff:
N6TRLog software
Dunestar Bandpass filters
Transmission line stubs. (Will post more on the stubs later in the week.)

Thanks to everyone for all the qso's. See you all in a couple of weeks.
Here's hoping for a ten meter novice opening from the Banana Belt. heh heh

Dave, K6LL
k6ll at mcimail.com

>From James White <0006492564 at mcimail.com>  Wed Nov  9 03:45:00 1994
From: James White <0006492564 at mcimail.com> (James White)
Date: Tue, 8 Nov 94 22:45 EST
Subject: LONG MSG - SS de K1ZX
Message-ID: <81941109034518/0006492564PK1EM at MCIMAIL.COM>


Anatomy of an SS...for you left coasters, SS starts at 4PM over here

        6:30 Saturday AM - alarm sounds

        8:30 Breakfast with W1YL/W1CW-this year going to have station ready
by noon so I can take a nice nap before SS, allowing me to work 80 and 40
til late...the antennas are all working so there will be no pre-contest
tower work this year.

        9:30 Start hooking up the keying lines for the two rigs into the
"blackbox" I have used for several years...then hook coaxes into appropriate
stations' coak switches, boot NA...keying is funky but it is early.

        10:30 AM cannot get NA to surpress leading zeroes on
exchanges...call WC4E on the 'phone at AC4NJ (Jeff is my comuter guru -
he'll know how to loose the zeroes - NOT, he's been up and down the towers
there twice already, I wish him luck).......Really would like to use TR but
still haven't made the time to learn it. OK I'll adjust, boot up good ole
CT-7, I liked the colors on NA better but, its pretty much so same same and
I will use CT instead - no biggie.  Keying still is funky...hmmm

        11:00 Keying is still funky, guess I should find that "loose" cable

        11:30 Still no loose cables found

        12:30 Have used up all of the ferrite doughnuts, and the keying from
the computer on radio number two is unintelligable on 10 meters...swap a few
cables around only to find the problem whilst seemingly fixed wasn't - there
is RF on the cables, while I hold them it is surpressed, the moment I stop
holding the cabling its back....hmm. 

        12:45 The inboard keyer on the Omni VI and an outboard keyer on the
Omni VI also seem to key it poorly...in addition to the problems keying
either radio, there is a problem with the OMNI VI...when you hit a dot
sometimes you get a "dit dah"....adjust the OMNI's keying to hardest setting
(choppiest) and the keying oddity problem isn't apparent, keying sounds like
hell though-hopefully I won't have to use the paddle much.

        1:00 Still trying to find the weak link, there are a ton of grounds
on all the station equipment, lifting the ground to the KC keyer fixes the
ten meter keying problem...great....whooops, now its doing it on 15.  Swap
keyers, nope, its not in the keyer....panic starting to set in

        2:00 think problem is in the phenolic jack board on my black
box...hard wire key line...NOPE....

        2:15 decide to trash black box...cannot figure what is different
with the setup, have used this combo for years, including this exact combo
of computer/radios/keyers in last NA contests....decide I have to use two
radios, now what.

        2:30 Audio portion of blackbox is ok, set up second station with a
second paddle to a memory keyer...I will do it ole fashioned with "B K1ZX 70
SFLA" loaded in the keyers memory....just need to send call and number, and
then jump over to keyboard to fill in info for CT.

        2:45 lay down and set alarm for 3:45...I am determined to get a lil
rest pre contest...

        3:00 fall asleep


        SS starts and I have my worst start since I had a 2 x 3 call...in
the first fifteen minutes I had five QSOs......on ten.....had I been
listening to the bands prior to sitting down in front of the rig at 2055 I
would have known to start on 15, right.....jeez. The first five hours of the
contest were way behind on my goal sheet-I could not get anything going on
20 meters AT ALL, and end up with 24 QSOs on 20 the first day-20 has been a
key for me in previous years, now what....try my low 40 dipole....no help.
Can it really be late enough that the high yagi will work on 40?

        YES! It is true there is no meters like 40 meters. Spend the rest of
the night on 40 CQing including hours of 98, 93 and 89...I ain't never ran
em that fast in SS!  40 ends up being 55% of my QSOs...thank god for the
high beam (make that thanks, Dad!).

        By the end of the contest I had gotten the crossed arm memory keyer
button, paddle pushin and hunt and peckin' into a rhythm of sorts....but I
tell ya - NEVER AGAIN! Next year I will test the station the week before,

        Other SS notes:

        Nebraska=no biggie, first one @2144 Saturday (total of 6 NE worked)
lots VE activity VE4-4, VE5-4, VE6-8, VE7-8...still missed KL7, they were
all /stateside...you automatic software section fill in guys take note!

        Musts for contesting are a computer and a second radio. Although,
some of us are becoming super dependant on our computers! We're upset when
they don't tell us our on/off time! 

        I cannot see how anything other than the last contacts in an over 24
hour entry should be edited from the end of the log...anything else is sheer
manipulation...tell Billy you goofed on your summary sheet and that if
anyone claims you at the end of the contest yes he will see it in your log
but you have claimed only the first 24 hours worth of score!                

        Yes, Mark/Billy lets include hours operated in the line scores,

        Yes, frequency theft was rampant, sometimes I would be pulling out
an exchange and would take a second to reply........I prefer the olde:
.. .  (I E)   to check if a frequency is in use and an .-. (R) is a good
quick response. 
                (Q):  di dit   dit
                (A):  dee dahr dit

        How can I crunch my CT log to show me a breakdown of contacts per
section like this weekends' N6TR users have...knowing this will be very
enlightening for future antenna planning.

        I really love SS CW and contesting...my wife knows that, it is "my
thing" and she can see the pleasure it gives me...fair warning of oncoming
contests is given so she can schedule her time appropriately and when it is
contest weekend she wishes me GL.  What's the big deal?
        To the station :-) who did not work SFL....I cannot imagine it, the
Florida CW Contest Group had four full bore efforts by:
        K1ZX ending up prox 1340 Q's
        N4BP Mr. SFL in Sweepstakes CW
        AC1O breaking 1K QSOs "A" power from repeaterville
        WD4AHZ "A" intimidating me with a 13 Q lead in the first hour, ouch!
        ...plus some casual guys, too.  

        Congrats to the above, and WC4E-thanks for nipping at my ankles all
weekend, Jeff!

                    73-Thanks for all the Qs guys n gals (missed KU2Q)

                                        Jim, K1zx


>From David O. Hachadorian" <0006471356 at mcimail.com  Wed Nov  9 04:13:00 1994
From: David O. Hachadorian" <0006471356 at mcimail.com (David O. Hachadorian)
Date: Tue, 8 Nov 94 23:13 EST
Subject: Stubs for adjacent band operation
Message-ID: <70941109041307/0006471356PK4EM at MCIMAIL.COM>

While preparing for my first single operator two radio venture, I ran into
some severe RF interaction problems which at first looked overwhelming, but
which proved amazingly simple to completely eliminate, with the help of
transmission line stubs.

Since I live on a small 70 x 100 foot city lot, and have only one small 48
foot tower, all of my antennas are very close to each other. In fact, the
feedpoints of all the antennas are no more than six feet from each other.
With this intimate physical proximity, there was enough stray RF coming down
the feedlines to produce painful RF burns to the finger ("RF detector"),
when a transmitter was operating at only 50 watts into one of the nearby
antennas. I had purchased Dunestar bandpass filters, but I was afraid to
damage them to so much stray RF when the amplifiers were operating at the
1500 watt level. I had already smoked an Autek Antenna Analyzer by
inadvertently leaving it hooked up to an unused antenna while transmitting
on another antenna. Having seen some recent correspondence regarding
transmission line stubs on the contest reflector, I decided to try some
experiments in that direction.

Since I was primarily interested in operating two radios on adjacent bands
(i.e. 10/15, 15/20, 20/40, and 40/80), I took notice of an interesting
property of quarter wave stubs for 40 meters. These stubs, which are about
23 feet long, will alternately pass/reject the amateur bands 40, 20, 15, and
10 meters as shown in the table below:

BAND    LENGTH          SHORTED 23'STUB         OPEN 23' STUB
40      .25 wave        pass                    reject
20      .5 wave         reject                  pass
15      .75 wave        pass                    reject
10      1 wave          reject                  pass

I built a pair of these stubs, one open and one shorted, and tested them in
the "reject" mode sequentially on each of the unused transmission lines, and
on all of the possible band/antenna combinations. The same feedlines that
produced burns at 50 watts were now totally cool to the touch at 1500 watts!

Operationally, the shorted stub is placed in the feedline anywhere after the
amplifier on 40 or 15 meters, and the open stub is used on the other
amplifier, which is on an adjacent band, 20 or 10 meters. For example, to
operate stations on 15 and 20 meters, put the shorted stub in the 15 meter
feedline, since it will pass 15 and reject 20. Put the open stub on the 20
meter feedline, since it will pass 20 and reject 15. I tuned the stubs to
7075, which makes them resonant also at 14150, 21225, and 28300. I made the
stubs out of RG-8 and tuned them with an old tube-type grid dip meter, using
the station receiver for accurate frequency determination. I sure wish I
hadn't smoked the Autek analyzer!

The concept of alternate pass/reject can be extended to 80 and 160 meters,
but more stubs need to be built. To operate stations on 40/80 meters, build
two quarter wave 80 m. stubs (about 46' long.) Leave one stub open, and put
it in the 40 m. feedline. Make the other stub shorted and put it in the 80
meter feedline.

Similarly, for 80/160 meters, make two quarter wave stubs for 160 meters.
Put the shorted stub on the 160 feedline and the open stub on the 80

I recently used the 40 and 80 meter stubs in the CW Sweepstakes on adjacent
bands from 15 through 80 meters. Dunestar bandpass filters were also used
between the transceivers and amplifiers. At no time did I hear even the
SLIGHTEST HINT that there was a 1500w transmitter operating on the adjacent
band. The second harmonic from 80 could be heard on 40, and the second
harmonic from 40 could be heard on 20, but they sounded like just another
very loud station on the band, and produced no desensing or phase noise
outside the normal IF bandpass.

If the "wrong" stub is placed on the transmission line, received signals go
down by four to five s-units, indicating a rejection in the order of 24 to
30 dB. Not bad for a few bucks worth of coax. Note - DO NOT TRANSMIT ON THE
WRONG STUB! I don't know what will happen, but it will probable involve your
local fire department!

The folks who have lots of real estate and/or big towers to physically
separate their antennas may not need the extra rejection provided by
transmission line stubs, But where the antennas are close, the combination
of stubs and lumped constant bandpass filters definitely does the job.

Dave, K6LL
k6ll at mcimail.com

>From PARAT Gerard (Tel 34813272)" <parat at dassault-elec.fr  Wed Nov  9 13:17:28 1994
From: PARAT Gerard (Tel 34813272)" <parat at dassault-elec.fr (PARAT Gerard (Tel 34813272))
Date: 09 Nov 94 13:17:28+0000
Subject: 1994 CQ WW SSB : F6FGZ
Message-ID: <19941109131728*/S=parat/O=dassault-elec/PRMD=fr/ADMD=/@MHS>

First time in High Power category, this was not the year for high score.

73 Gerard / F6FGZ
parat at dassault-elec.fr

                    CQ WORLD WIDE DX CONTEST -- 1994

      Call: F6FGZ                    Country:  France
      Mode: SSB                      Category: Single Operator High Power


      160      176      245     1.39     11      43
       80      195      264     1.35     11      52
       40      268      491     1.83     22      64
       20      698     1558     2.23     28      88
       15      534     1052     1.97     28     109
       10      220      452     2.05     24      92

     Totals   2091     4062     1.94    124     448  =>  2,323,464

                              Continent Statistics

                 160   80   40   20   15   10  ALL   percent

North America     35   28   82  330  162   18  655    31.2
South America      1    4   11   32   41   53  142     6.8
Europe           138  158  154  267  273  100 1090    52.0
Asia               1    2   13   52   29   14  111     5.3
Africa             2    4    5   13   18   33   75     3.6
Oceania            0    0    4    7   11    2   24     1.1

>From es at mvuss.att.com (Edward S Parsons +1 508 960 6722)  Wed Nov 30 18:53:00 1994
From: es at mvuss.att.com (Edward S Parsons +1 508 960 6722) (Edward S Parsons +1 508 960 6722)
Date: 30 Nov 94 18:53:00 GMT
Subject: W1MK 80m score
Message-ID: <9411301855.AA23159 at ig1.att.att.com>

W1MK CQ WW CW 80m score:

QSOs   Zones   Cty
----   -----   ----
633    24      94

Score: 205,700 pts

System: IC765, 4-1000 homebrew amp (1.5kW), 4-square

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Wed Nov 23 04:36:39 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Mon, 5 Dec 1994 16:36:39 +30000
Subject: K0GU ARRL 160 Score
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941205163131.11167D-100000 at eagle>

On Mon, 5 Dec 1994, Jay Kesterson K0GU x6826 wrote:

> Kind of surprised me, frequencies weren't that hard to come by,

>>>>>>>>>>>>>unless you wanted to be in the window :-).<<<<<<<<<<<<<

> Oh well, I probably PO somebody myself. 

Oh, were you one of those violating the gentlemen's agreement about 
reserving the DX window for DX who was CQing within the DX window, and 
about whom everybody has been complaining about on the Cluster and here? 
If so, you can bet there are a LOT of people out here POed at you! Steve, 

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Wed Nov 23 23:49:49 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Tue, 6 Dec 1994 11:49:49 +30000
Subject: OO reports during contest
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941206114522.1463B-100000 at eagle>

Unless things have changed, all ARRL field appointments are still at the 
pleasure of the Section Manager. You should probably send a copy of the 
OO notice and a short explanation of your viewpoint of the OO's 
notification to the Section Manager of whatever section the OO was 
within. Obviously, if the OO was a W6, it may be difficult to identify, 
exactly, which section he is within. A request directly to the ARRL with 
an explanation that you wish to complain to the OO's boss (the Section 
Manager) would most likely provide you with the information.

I would say that if you get no response from the Section Manager within a 
month or so, take it to the Division Director.

73, Steve KO0U/4 <sharrison at sysplan.com>

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Wed Nov 23 23:24:45 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Tue, 6 Dec 1994 11:24:45 +30000
Subject: 160 Test Soap Box (LONG)
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941206104022.1463A-100000 at eagle>

On Mon, 5 Dec 1994 n0dh at comtch.iea.com wrote:
> 1) A "mandatory" DX window 5 khz for listening and 5 khz for calling a DX 
> station who is calling CQ. Any one abusing this window and using it to
> call CQ would be DISQUALIFIED.

A recent editorial by K1AR in his CQ contest column explained, in terms 
most of us have rarely heard before, just why it is that ham radio 
contest sponsors are so reluctant to establish rules that require 
disqualification of the rule breakers. I suggest you all break out your 
magazines and bifocals and look for the column (not only do I not 
remember whether it was in the October, November or December issue, some 
of the comments I've read on this reflector over the last few months lead 
me to believe that very few of these subscribers bother to crack open 
their magazines, let alone read the fine print. Who knows: you may find 
the answer to that question about which you've been meaning to start a new 
thread, thus saving us all some bandwidth, which I can then personally 
use to expound my own jaundiced and biased opinions...:-))

Briefly, what John brought up is that it is far too easy for a competitor 
to use another station's callsign to cause that station to be observed as 
apparently breaking the rules, and thus eligible for disqualification. 
Although John seemed to be talking about such things happening among 
multi-multis in Europe, a simple extension of his thought would obviously 
apply to the 160 meter contest, not to mention almost any other ham radio 
competition taking place over the airwaves. This is one big reason that 
the WRTC competition has judges physically present at each contestant's 
station; to actually lay eyeballs on what is going on. There is NO WAY 
that it would be feasible to have judges present for less-organized 
competitions such as the various DX or Sweepstakes contests.

A perfect example of how easy it is for somebody to get a perfectly 
legitimate contester in trouble with his peers took place during the 
September VHF QSO Party. A ham was observed at a swapmeet in 
Gaithersburg, Maryland with large signs inviting all and sundry to work 
one of the many highly-competitive multi-operator stations within 
handie-talkie range. This guy went so far as to set up a tower with small 
yagis for several bands that appeared to be aimed directly at that station 
(K3MQH, located somewhere near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania). You could step 
right up and connect the coax from any of the antennas to your HT and 
work whomever you found.

The problem was that two operators at another multi-operator station that 
was nowhere near as competitive decided that this activity had to have 
been sponsored by K3MQH, and those two then began yelling and screaming 
to all within ear and eyesight how aggrieved they, personally, felt about 
the situation. There was never any attempt on their part to find out just 
who the guy at the swapmeet was, why he did what he did, or even if the 
swapmeet guy even knew any of the operators at K3MQH. MQH, to his credit, 
did not bother to respond to the two complainers. He DID, however, 
respond to dispassioned inquiries as to whether he had anything to do 
with the swapmeet guy or his activities, and left it to others to spread 
the truth of the situation around the various networks (which WZ1V, in a 
recent message on this reflector, did for this reflector).

Whether or not MQH actually did have anything to do with the swapmeet guy 
and his activities, the point here is that it is far too easy for any of 
us to do something, even unknowingly, that can reflect great discredit 
upon a perfectly innocent and legitimate contester or contest station. 
This is what John Dorr is trying to point out in his column about why it 
is nearly impossible to base disqualification criterial upon the actual 
operating activities during a contest; it is far too difficult to prove 
that any particular station or operator did, in fact, perform the 
offending action; and far too easy to either innocently or 
purposely implicate another.

What this means, of course, is that the only real recourse for most of us 
to keep the unruly in line remains peer pressure. Unfortunately, it seems 
to be a tenet of human nature to criticize the actions and beliefs of 
others without due consideration of the situation from another's 
viewpoint; thus, many of us have tended to not utilize to the fullest our 
abilities to pressure the offender to conform to the norm (or, in this 
case, a "gentleman's agreement") because we are afraid that we may not 
know all of the facts; this is the attitude taken by the vast majority of 
contest sponsors.

However, there are any number of ways for individuals to express 
displeasure at another's actions, some overt, some covert. If any of us 
really want to see offenders cease unethical and/or illegal action, I 
would suggest that it is up to each of us, individually, to take whatever 
action we, personally, feel is appropriate to that end, because the 
contest sponsors' hands are effectively tied by their fear of convicting 
the innocent.

73, Steve KO0U/4 <sharrison at sysplan.com>

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Sat Nov 26 01:09:39 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Thu, 8 Dec 1994 13:09:39 +30000
Subject: Callsigns
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941208130240.1463F-100000 at eagle>

On Wed, 7 Dec 1994 W7NI at delphi.com wrote:

> Anyway, on 27MHz there are no offical callsigns these days.  You can 
> use just about anything you want including your ham call.  In fact, you
> can use anybody's ham call you want.  I wonder how long it would take
> to change that rule if N4RH started showing up a lot on 27 MHz?
WRONG, WRONG, WRONG!!! Somewhere, I can't remember exactly where, the FCC 
regulations specifically PROHIBIT the use of US ham calls in anything 
other than a ham band. This question came up just a couple of months ago 
in connection with another thread, I mentioned I had read in one of the 
beginner's columns of QST that you cannot use your call on any other 
telecommunications service, and somebody else kindly looked up the 
reference in Part 97. Irrespective of WHATEVER other services do or are 

Just for old times' sake, can somebody dig out their rule book and find 
the appropriate reference? 73, Steve KO0U/4

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Sun Nov 27 04:59:26 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Fri, 9 Dec 1994 16:59:26 +30000
Subject: VHF FM Contest Times & Freqs
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941209164120.1463L-100000 at eagle>

On Thu, 8 Dec 1994, Jim Stahl wrote:
> The December 1994 QST contains two items promoting the use of FM
> in VHF contests: "FM Contesting on Taylor Mountain" (P.71) and a
> description in the June VHF QSO Party results of the K6MEP effort
> to encourage FM contacts with members of its unnamed club (p.
> 114).  I applaud such efforts to expand awareness of and
> participation in contests.
SERIOUS V/UHF contesters moan, groan and wonder what planet the ARRL is 
on every time they see promotion of the use of FM in V/UHF contests of 
the sort seen in QST over the past several years. One of the biggest 
controversies that is NOT going to go away is that the evils of the use 
of FM in these contests detract severely from the whole concept of V/UHF 
weak signal contest work. Almost without exception, those who are 
addicted to such contests would be happier were FM operation to be 
completely outlawed as a valid contest mode. This will not happen, 
obviously, because it is cheapest and easiest for newly-licensed 
operators and potential new contester blood to start out with 2 meter FM 
equipment. But that does not change the facts: FM simplex operation is 
almost universally abhorred by serious weak-signal V/UHF operators, just 
as CW is by most no-code Techs.

NO FLAMES FROM THE WEST COASTERS, NOW!!! I grew up on the West Coast, I 
operated V/UHF there for almost 17 years, and I KNOW that without 2 meter 
FM, it would be extremely difficult for any station on the West Coast to 
be competitive in a V/UHF contest. Similarly, it is extremely difficult 
for any station in the midwest to be competitive against the East Coast 
in DX contests. And, it is almost impossible for an East Coast station to 
win Sweepstakes against the southwest stations. These are the facts of life, 
and no amount of flaming, rule changing or handicapping can equalize them.

> It's not enough just to say try FM.  Specific frequencies
> and suggested times need to be established.
All ARRL VHF contest announcements ALREADY clearly state that only 
commonly-accepted FM simplex channels shall be used for such contest QSOs 
except that 146.52 may NOT be utilized.

73, Steve, KO0U/4 <sharrison at sysplan.com>

>From Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com>  Sun Nov 27 05:19:11 1994
From: Steve Harrison <sharriso at sysplan.com> (Steve Harrison)
Date: Fri, 9 Dec 1994 17:19:11 +30000
Subject: What's a valid QSO?
Message-ID: <Pine.SGI.3.90.941209170959.1463M-100000 at eagle>

On Fri, 9 Dec 1994, Trey Garlough wrote:

> If you call the guy, and he comes back with YOURCALL DUPE, then go
> ahead and put him in your log at that time.  He may or may not log
> the QSO, but if he thinks you are a dupe, then you are already in
> his log.  This will be good enough for most contest log checking
> and will be good enough for QSLing, since the QSL manager will (should)
> look up all the contacts made with you when he replies to your card.
This certainly will not work for me since I do everything I possibly can 
to avoid logging dupes. Since I'm not a super-contester to whom rate is 
everything, I often go out of my way to get a dupe out of the log right 
then and there rather than accept CT's DUPE notice.

And I'm not the only little guy who feels this way, I discovered during 
FD last year. Both of the other two guys in my small local club who also 
use CT were adamant about not allowing CT to log a dupe. I dare say that 
there will be many others out there who also have this perfectly 
reasonable attitude.

I've had a couple guys call me whom I had worked before in V/UHF contests 
and whom I told them were dupes. They insisted they were not, and each 
time I go back to identify the date and time of the first Q, they said 
their dupe sheet  was messed up so they could not read my call or my call 
was busted (such as KAY-ZERO-OH-YOU rather than KAY-OH-ZERO-YOU). Made me 
feel a lot better knowing that I was entered correctly, at last, in 
somebody else's log, and simultaneously, made me wonder how many other 
logs out there were incorrect.

73, Steve KO0U/4 <sharrison at sysplan.com> 

>From w6go at netcom.com (Jay O'Brien - W6GO)  Sun Oct  2 00:15:51 1994
From: w6go at netcom.com (Jay O'Brien - W6GO) (Jay O'Brien - W6GO)
Date: Sat, 1 Oct 1994 16:15:51 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Want 80M antenna modeled
Message-ID: <199410012315.QAA09081 at netcom5.netcom.com>

I would like some help from you folks who run antenna modeling 
software.  A new 80M antenna has been installed today at W6GO and 
local comparisons with the KLM rotary dipole (at 153") show that the 
new antenna is at least an S-unit better than the KLM.

The antenna is supported between two towers that are 286' apart.  
The top support is at 100' on both towers, but due to sag, the top 
wire of the antenna is about 90' above ground.  The antenna is two 
full-wave loops.  The loops are rectangular.  The top and bottom 
lengths are 80', the vertical length is 60', thus with 280' per 
loop.  The centers of the loops are 140' apart (or said another way, 
the closest vertical wires of the two loops are 60' apart).  The 
feedpoints of the loops are in the center of the bottom horizontal 
wire.  A half-wave section of 450 ohm transmitting twin lead is 
connected to each loop's feedpoint, and the two half-wave sections 
are paralleled at the end away from the antenna.  A 1:1 balun is 
used at this point to match the 50 ohm line that runs about 400' to 
the operating position.

I expected the antenna to be resonant at 3.6 MHz, and that is 
exactly where I see the best SWR, which is 1.62:1.  The antenna is 
just over 2:1 at 3500 and 3700.  I also see a resonance at 7050 kHz 
with a 2:1 SWR.  When I put the feedlines from the two loops in 
series, I see a resonance at about 1750 kHz with a 3:1 SWR. 

Questions:  What would happen if I reverse the feedline (phase) to 
one loop?  What should I do to make the antenna work at 3800 kHz, 
preferably something relay switchable at the balun location?  Is 
there any point to putting the two loops in series and trying to 
resonate it on 160?  What should I expect from the antenna on 40 
meters?  With reversed phase on 40 Meters?  What is the expected 
gain of this antenna on usable bands with the loops paralleled, in 
series and with one loop reversed in parallel and in series?  Is 
there anything I am overlooking with this antenna?

The dimensions of this antenna were influenced by the physical 
constraints here.  The flat-top length is longer to get the lower 
horizontal wire off the ground to clear the grazing cattle.  Maybe 
the fact that the lower wire is higher makes up for it being "too 
close" to the upper wire?  By the way, the antenna is broadside to 
Japan and South America.

Your comments, suggestions, and predictions will be most appreciated. 

73, Jay
w6go at netcom.com

>From Victor Burns-KI6IM <vburns at netcom.com>  Mon Oct  3 01:08:47 1994
From: Victor Burns-KI6IM <vburns at netcom.com> (Victor Burns-KI6IM)
Date: Sun, 2 Oct 1994 17:08:47 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: CQWW M/S 10 Minute Rule
Message-ID: <Pine.3.89.9410021612.A4885-0100000 at netcom9>

Did we get a real answer to this? Perhaps I misssed it!  I for one do not 
want jeopordize being classified M/M by mistake.

My final input is simple; No three bands can show up in the log in ANY ten 
(10) minute period.  It's that simple!

Let's get a ruling that is direct.  The bottom line is there is no
difference in the run or mult station-They are the same!  The answer
should be simple and the above covers it very directly without confusion. 
       ---==-------||-----==---        Victor V. Burns - KI6IM / V31VB
      ---===-------||-----===---       V31DX - THE CUBA LIBRE CONTEST CLUB
                   ||                  PO Box 9794
      ---===-------||-----===---       Rancho Santa Fe, CA  92067
                   ||                  619-744-6836
     ----===-------||-----===----      e_mail  vburns at netcom.com
     ----===-------||-----===----      "Heh...your signal is really wide".
                   ||                  "Thank you.  It cost a lot of money
    ----===--------||------===----     to be this wide!" 
    ----===--------||------===----     Has anyone ever told you that "You
                   ||                  have a very nice yagi"?

>From Celia Tony Becker <becker at shell.portal.com>  Mon Oct  3 01:08:59 1994
From: Celia Tony Becker <becker at shell.portal.com> (Celia Tony Becker)
Date: Sun, 2 Oct 1994 17:08:59 -0700
Subject: CQP '94 score, QXQ, and Hidden Antenna challenge
Message-ID: <199410030008.RAA27155 at jobe.shell.portal.com>

                      California QSO Party -- 1994

      Call: AE0M                      County:  Santa Clara
      QXQ:  Low Power, Poor Ant.    Category: Single Operator

      MODE      QSO    QSO PTS  MULTS

                      California QSO Party -- 1994
      Call: AE0M                      County:  Santa Clara
      QXQ:  Low Power, Poor Ant.    Category: Single Operator

      MODE     QSO    QSO PTS    MULTS
      CW       143      429        0
      SSB      130      260        0
      Totals   273      689       49  =   33,781

Equipment Description:
RIG: FT-990 & 486DX2-66 MHz running CT9.  ANT: My CC&R's prohibit external
antennas, so I have an indoor 20m, 15m, and 10m fan dipole, stuck to the
attic rafters in my townhouse with push pins (green for 20m, blue for 15m,
yellow for 10m) and a nearly invisible 40m delta loop in the eucalyptus
over the garden wall.

I am still looking for (non-sarcastic) helpful ideas for equally invisable
antennas.  When (if?) I get enough responses, I'll summarize for the net.
So far the count is 2 helpful, 1 semi-constructive, and the rest shall
remain unaccounted for.  I was told that this reflector would generate
many responses, as the best of the best are all here.

How about the half-square antenna?  My ground resistance would be marginal
but the heavy clay/adobe here in the west valley can't be bad enough to
perform worse than the delta loop.

Club Affiliation: Northern Califonia Contest Club
AE0M, Tony Becker - becker at shell.portal.com - Silicon Valley, U.S.A.

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