Topband: Fading

Don Kirk wd8dsb at
Thu Jan 14 16:46:45 EST 2016

Hi Kris,

If you belong to the shared apex loop Yahoo Groups click on the file tab
and then look for my call sign.  You will see plots that I generated
looking at the front to back ratio versus elevation angle, and I think
these plots might help answer some of your questions.

Don (wd8dsb)

On Thu, Jan 14, 2016 at 4:33 PM, Kris Mraz <n5kilomike at> wrote:

> I know that fading can be caused by phase rotation of the arriving signal.
> Can fading be caused by the signal changing arrival angle over time
> (1-3 seconds)?
> I ask this because of something I observed while attempting to tune my
> Shared Apex Loop (SAL)
> antenna the other night.
> In the forward direction I tuned in a strong, distant AM broadcast
> signal that was fairly steady
> strength-wise. It would vary less than an S unit as seen on my radio
> S-meter (FTdx5000). Then I
> switched to the reverse direction. From the SAL backside the signal
> experienced rapid fading
> from S0 to S8.
> Looking at the elevation pattern of the SAL (or just about any RX
> antenna design) it can be seen
> that the forward direction has a broad gain pattern around the 20
> degree arrival angle. In the reverse
> direction there is a deep steep null near that reverse angle. From
> this I assumed that the signal was
> changing arrival angle, moving into and out of that deep null. Is this
> the correct analysis?
> Kris N5KM
> _________________
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