[TowerTalk] re; exploding concrete

Jim Chaggaris jimc at pwrone.com
Sat Sep 15 21:18:44 EDT 2007

Oh God Gene!  Don't use the Prolec website as a reference for any
transformer of quality.  They fail all the time...

Jim N9WW
James Chaggaris
PowerOne Corp.
1020 Cedar Avenue
Suite 110
St. Charles, IL 60174
Phn: 630-443-6500
Fax: 630-443-6505
Cell: 630-669-2241


-----Original Message-----
From: towertalk-bounces at contesting.com
[mailto:towertalk-bounces at contesting.com] On Behalf Of Gene Smar
Sent: Saturday, September 15, 2007 8:11 PM
To: Jim Lux; jeremy-ca
Cc: David Gilbert; N7DF; towertalk at contesting.com; Greenacres113 at aol.com
Subject: Re: [TowerTalk] re; exploding concrete

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Jim Lux" <jimlux at earthlink.net>
To: "jeremy-ca" <km1h at jeremy.mv.com>
Cc: "David Gilbert" <xdavid at cis-broadband.com>; "N7DF" <n7df at yahoo.com>; 
<towertalk at contesting.com>; <Greenacres113 at aol.com>
Sent: Saturday, September 15, 2007 8:16 PM
Subject: Re: [TowerTalk] re; exploding concrete

> Oh yeah, and the other thing that could lead to certain destruction
> would be if you coil the cable.  Run a current through a coil, and it
> tries to expand, and if the current is high enough, the forces will
> exceed the tension strength of the wire and it will come apart.  A
> transient current in a coil can also cause things in or near the coil to
> be squashed and deformed and destroyed.


     I was exposed to this phenomenon as an engineer with my local electric 
utility company years ago.  My group was responsible for purchasing and 
inspecting all the medium and large three-phase power transformers (5 MVA 
through 350 MVA+) that were installed at the substations around the system. 
These are the brutes that can be as large as a small house.  Besides 
insulation of the various windings (which was paper, BTW), the main thing I 
looked for when I inspected the transformers' cores before they were sealed 
inside the steel tanks was the bracing used to keep the phase windings in 
place under short-circuit currents.  ( For photos of the guts of a medium 
power transformer, see page 6 of 
http://www.geindustrial.com/products/brochures/sst_brochure.pdf .  For a 
view of the bottom of a transformer tank see page 7 ibid.)  As Jim said, 60+

kA of SS current could tear the windings apart as the magnetic fields in 
each phase repelled each other in the close space of the transformer tanks.

73 de Gene Smar  AD3F


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