The problems with the filaments of the 3-500z tubes
were NOT confined to the SB220 amps vack in the 1960
and 70 era. The problem also occurred in the Drake
The solder would literally melt out of the filament
pins on the tube.
A change in sockets did NOT resolve the problem.
EIMAC eventually admitted that there may have been a
bad run on the tubes and agreed to repair the base of
all the 3-500 tubes we were having a problem with.
The fix (removing the base and re-soldering with a
silver solder, resolved the problem.
--- Martin Sole <email@example.com> wrote:
> I wonder, would it so happen that the mounting holes
> for the SK-410
> might just be the same as those for the Johnson 275?
> I think real
> sockets might have made it on to my list for the
> Henry rebuild file.
> It does sound like the less than ideal Johnson style
> sockets coupled
> with the Phenolic base ring on later 3-500Z's might
> well lead to a
> situation in some amps that produces less than ideal
> amounts of air over
> the tubes. Since my ambient everyday shack
> temperature runs around 30C I
> need all the help I can get.
> Martin, HS0ZED
> Robert B. Bonner wrote:
> > Martin, Terry, Group,
> > Good morning guys. Like I have mentioned before
> when I was back at the RADIO
> > SHOP (Drake Collins Kenwood, Yaesu etc factory
> service) while in college in
> > the late 70's I had to perform surgery on a lot of
> > History Lession:
> > The Johnson sockets had been designed for the
> 4-65, 4-125 and not even the
> > 4-250 sized tubes let alone the 4-400's. Since
> the 3-400 and 3-500 plugged
> > in directly many ham manufacturers cut corners and
> put the $5 sockets in
> > instead of the much more expensive aluminum Eimac
> airsystem sockets for the
> > 4-400 or the fancy less expensive SK-410's.
> > The original Drake L4's had Sk-410's the L4B the
> Johnson sockets, cheapo.
> > Well the amplifiers where where air blew sideways
> across the tubes and pins
> > instead of through the sockets or didn?t have
> enough airflow due to NOISE
> > CONCERNS developed a syndrome.
> > Somewhere along there we also got the 1500W output
> increase. These two amps
> > were 2KW PEP input amps. When operated at balls
> out power the TUBES didn?t
> > cool adequately and got hot enough to either melt
> the solder out of the tube
> > pins, or take the temper out of the socket
> retainers which then caused a
> > high-z situation that melted the pin solder on the
> > THE PHENOLIC Pin holder base Eimac put on the
> 3-500Z was there to stabilize
> > the pins and ad some cooling flow if this
> situation arose. (Cheap fix)
> > However in the normal air system socket base it
> blocked the airflow
> > slightly.
> > Syndrome Fix:
> > If you are resoldering pins in 3-500's bases, you
> have to be very careful to
> > not melt the tube base seal.
> > I did this by heating the removed larger pins with
> a torch in an old tube
> > socket and setting a tube with clean and fluxed
> pins into solder bath filled
> > pins and allowing to cool. If you have a lot of
> repairs a steel fixture
> > could be machined to effect the repairs.
> > It has been noted here that the spring clips can
> be individually replaced on
> > the sockets, I preferred to replace the whole now
> $20 socket.
> > You guys are right on it.
> > BOB DD
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: firstname.lastname@example.org
> [mailto:email@example.com] On
> > Behalf Of Martin Sole
> > Sent: Tuesday, February 06, 2007 5:13 AM
> > To: firstname.lastname@example.org
> > Cc: email@example.com
> > Subject: Re: [Amps] 3-500z - intermittent filament
> > Hi Terry,
> > I think you have experienced one or more not
> uncommon problems with a
> > number of 3-500 amplifiers. The re-soldering of
> tubes base pins is a
> > common sight and though highly inappropriate I
> think most that I have
> > seen have been done with regular soft solder
> rather than something with
> > a much higher melting point. If you consider that
> something melted the
> > original 'filler' then it indicates a whole lotta
> heat, either through
> > inappropriate use or insufficient cooling for
> whatever reason.
> > There is another point to consider as well, I
> think. The tube bases get
> > pretty hot, even in normal, reasonably cooled use.
> Over the years this
> > heating and cooling of the base contacts may well
> lead to them becoming
> > minutely distorted. I have found cases where I
> believe this has caused
> > the very problem you mention, the contact becomes
> sufficiently high
> > resistance to prevent the heater kicking in. On
> the Johnson 275 series
> > sockets, I think, you can remove the spring clip
> that holds the two
> > parts of the contact together and bend it to
> provide a firmer contact. I
> > did that on my Henry 2K which was doing what you
> have indicated and it
> > has been fine ever since.
> > I think it might also be useful to measure the
> voltage at the pins of
> > the tube. This means putting your voltmeter on the
> tube pins NOT the
> > base contacts. If you think about it the 3-500
> series want 5 volts +/-
> > 0.25 at 14.6A, so just a little R in the base
> connections could see that
> > fall below spec. My Henry promptly delivered
> several hundred watts more
> > once the heaters pins were at operating volts
> rather than just the base
> > contacts.
> > Martin, HS0ZED
> > firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
> >> My TL922 is mis-behaving with one tube operating
> intermittently. Symptoms
> >> were of open circuit filament but valve tested ok
> with ohm-meter and
> > worked
> >> when refitted. Next power up, tube failed to
> work. jump soldered link wire
> >> to pins across bases to rule out base
> connections. Tube worked when pin
> > and
> >> base `encouraged` with screwdriver.
> >> Looks as though previous owner has attempted to
> resolder the filament pins
> >> and I suspect a dry joint (?) within one or both
> filament pins.
> >> Is it safe to re-solder the pins ? Anything else
> suspicious I should be
> >> looking for ?
> >> Many thanks
> >> Terry
> >> _______________________________________________
> >> Amps mailing list
> >> Amps@contesting.com
> >> http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/amps
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