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[RFI] FW: Topband: Exciting noise sources

To: <rfi@contesting.com>
Subject: [RFI] FW: Topband: Exciting noise sources
From: "Tim Duffy K3LR" <k3lr@k3lr.com>
Reply-to: k3lr@k3lr.com
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2011 11:37:48 -0500
List-post: <rfi@contesting.com">mailto:rfi@contesting.com>

Yesterday K0HGW and myself spent the day with a line crew from the Otero
County Electric Cooperative trying to find two noise sources which have
plagued them for several months and occasioned numerous complaints.  In the
first case we were able to locate a power pole with our direction finding
equipment that seemed to be the location of the noise and they began to work
on the hardware from their bucket truck.  We use an MFJ noise meter coupled
to an external speaker to let them listen as they tighten hardware, drive in
staples and adjust wires. There were definite changes in the noise as they
worked but the situation didn't really improve.  They even took the wire
(14KV) off the top insulator and cleaned the insulator and replacede thhe
twist wire holding it but, while there was some improvement,  that didn't
solve the problem. By shaking the hot wire they could get the noise to
change, though.  In the meantime we identified another nearby pole
 that showed noise so they moved to it with the bucket truck and repeated
the entire sequence of tightening hardware,etc.  Once again there was.some
improvement but, after servicing the pole the original problem was still
there.  We began checking every pole in the area and found significant noise
on each pole that could be affected by jarring the pole and poking on
hardware with a fiberglass rod.  As we moved down the line the overall noise
level varied and could be changed slightly by manipulating hardware. 
Finally, at one pole about a half mile from the first one they worked on,
they pulled on a neutral wire with their pole and the noise completely went
away.  The wire had been just barely touching the head of an eyebolt holding
a transformer.  Not only did the noise at that pole disappear but all the
other noise sources in the area disappeared.       When we went to the other
noise source (about 5 miles away) the same proceedure was
 followed and we located the primary noise source in the same way.  It was
also a neutral wire touching a bolt.  When it was moved noise sources that
we had picked up at other poles up to a half mile away also disappeared. 
This was not the first time we have found that loose hardware and staples
can be excited by a distant noise source into emitting noise on their own
but, once the primary noise source is eliminated, they no longer create
problems.  Although we know that this problem recurrs we have not found a
realiable way of detecting the primary source other than pole by pole
testing and hardware tightening.  The reason is that the primary source is
no stronger on our detection equipment than any other source, and is often
less intense that the sorces excited by its radiation down the line.  We
have developed a good enough relationship with the local power conpany that
they frequently call on us to help them find noise sources that they
 receive complaints about.

Larry N7DF


UR RST IS ... ... ..9 QSB QSB - hw? BK

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