Topband: "Bang" per kW
by way of Bill Tippett <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Nm7m at aol.com
Sat Dec 31 08:33:58 EST 2005
In this age of globalization, DX contesting has become more
competitive, no doubt about it. Contesting on 160 meters is
inherently different as the geomagnetic field has a measure of
control, by how its strength and orientation vary with location.
Thus, operators in mid-latitudes have an advantage over those at
low latitudes, just because the field is more vertical there and
provides a better polarization match with vertical antennas.
While it can be worked out in detail, comparing W1's with W6's,
it is of more interest to make comparisons by regions of DX
activity. So, using magneto-ionic theory, I have worked out the
amount of power per kW ERP that goes into low-loss O-waves in
the ionosphere for various DX directions, e.g., 750 W/kW for a W0
calling a PY.
In the Table below, the targets are listed in the top horizontal
row and the other horizontal rows show how the power at a given
location is transferred to the ionosphere as O-waves by a vertical
antenna. The difference betweeen those numbers and 1000 W goes
into high-loss X-waves which are rapidly absorbed and contribute
only to global warming, not DXing.
Power transfers for PY are much lower than the others as the field
in the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly is close to horizontal,
giving a large mis-match with the vertical antenna.
T\R | W0 HB BY VK ZS PY AVE.
W0 | 1000 930 980 770 820 750 875
HB | 860 1000 910 770 640 650 805
BY | 860 800 1000 600 620 760 773
VK | 680 740 720 1000 880 960 830
ZS | 590 590 660 820 1000 700 727
PY | 490 410 360 510 790 1000 593
Distances to DX locations are important too but easily obtained
for comparisons, e.g., by using a program such as MINIPROP.
More information about the Topband